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Elevated inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) activity has been found in 60 per cent of colon adenomas and 20 to 50 per cent of adenocarcinomas. We postulated that high levels of iNOS may increase the invasive and metastatic potential of colon carcinoma and could be indicative of survival potential. Data were reviewed for 52 patients with colorectal(More)
Colonoscopy in the elderly has been considered by many to be risky because of mechanical bowel preparation and dehydration, electrolyte disturbances, conscious sedation, and hypoxic complications. We hypothesized that colonoscopy in octogenarians and older patients is a safe procedure. A retrospective review of 803 patients who underwent colonoscopy from(More)
We compared insulin-requiring diabetic outpatients (n = 49) with normal controls (n = 42) for indices of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity. Diabetic patients showed significantly elevated 9 a.m. plasma levels of cortisol as well as significantly elevated plasma levels of cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) at both 4 p.m. before(More)
BACKGROUND Erythromycin has traditionally been the choice for prophylaxis and treatment of pertussis, but recently azithromycin has been recommended as another first-line agent. We evaluated treatment adherence between exposed persons giving erythromycin or azithromycin during a community-wide pertussis outbreak. METHODS This was a case-control study. All(More)
A 54-year-old woman with a history of bilateral central retinal vein occlusion, probably due to an inflammatory process, developed a hemispheric retinal vein occlusion with cystoid macular edema in her only seeing eye. Five months later, in the absence of improvement in vision and macular edema, she received on two occasions a 2-weekly course of twice daily(More)
We examined hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function in insulin-dependent diabetic outpatients (N = 22) and age-, sex-, and weight-matched normal controls (N = 22). The evaluation included measurements of 9:00 AM fasting plasma cortisol and cortisol-binding globulin (CBG) levels, 24-hour urinary free cortisol (UFC) excretion, and plasma(More)
Studies were made in ten patients of the circulatory changes occurring during the administration of trimetaphan to produce hypotension during nitrous oxide/halothane anaesthesia. Ventilation was spontaneous throughout. There were significant falls in arterial pressure and peripheral resistance. Cardiac output was relatively unaffected. Heart rate sometimes(More)
We compared insulin-dependent diabetic outpatients with and without retinopathy for plasma indices of hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity. Diabetic patients with moderate-to-severe retinopathy had significantly higher postdexamethasone plasma levels of adrenocorticotropic hormone than patients with minimal or no retinopathy. However, when(More)
We compared a group of insulin-dependent diabetic outpatients with normal control subjects for their scores on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and for their experience of recent life events. Diabetic patients had significantly higher BDI scores than controls and had experienced significantly more life events during the previous 6 months. These results(More)
We used 3-d food-record-keeping techniques to examine nutritional factors in diabetic patients with and without retinopathy. Patients without retinopathy had significantly higher daily intakes of total carbohydrate, water-soluble dietary fibers, insoluble dietary fibers, and glucose than did patients with retinopathy. Also, patients without retinopathy took(More)