Learn More
The transmission of pain signals after injury or inflammation depends in part on increased excitability of primary sensory neurons. Nociceptive neurons express multiple subtypes of voltage-gated sodium channels (NaV1s), each of which possesses unique features that may influence primary afferent excitability. Here, we examined the contribution of NaV1.9 to(More)
Fasting increases neuropeptide Y (NPY) expression, peptide levels, and the excitability of NPY-expressing neurons in the hypothalamic arcuate (ARC) nucleus. A subpopulation of ARC-NPY neurons ( approximately 40%) are glucose-inhibited (GI)-type glucose-sensing neurons. Hence, they depolarize in response to decreased glucose. Because fasting enhances NPY(More)
The present study describes a method for the data-driven structuring of interventions to increase participation in screening mammography. We interviewed 668 randomly selected women from the target population of an Australian pilot screening mammography program before this Program commenced. The aims of the study were to use cross-sectional data to(More)
The melanocortin subtype-4 receptor (MC4R) has been implicated in the control of feeding behavior and body weight regulation. A series of tetrapeptides, based on Tic-DPhe-Arg-Trp-NH2-a mimic of the putative message sequence "His-Phe-Arg-Trp" and modified at the DPhe position, were prepared and pharmacologically characterized for potency and selectivity.(More)
Apolipoprotein B100 (apoB100) and apolipoprotein A1 (apoA1) are the primary protein components of low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL) particles, respectively, and plasma levels of these proteins are associated with risks of cardiovascular disease. Existing apoB100 quantitation methods for animal models have been limited to(More)
The mechanisms by which glucose regulates the activity of glucose-inhibited (GI) neurons in the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) are largely unknown. We have previously shown that AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) increases nitric oxide (NO) production in VMH GI neurons. We hypothesized that AMPK-mediated NO signaling is required for depolarization of VMH(More)
A procedure is described for gram-scale refolding of Escherichia coli-derived human leptin inclusion bodies. Refolding was achieved by gradually reducing denaturant using a diafiltration method. Refolded leptin is characterized by in vivo modulation of food intake, reduction in body weight, and lowering of insulin and glucose levels in ob/ob mice. In(More)
We have previously reported on a liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method to determine the disposition of [(13)C18]-oleic acid following intravenous and oral administration in vivo. This approach has enabled us to study a variety of aspects of lipid metabolism including a quantitative assessment of triglyceride synthesis. Here we present a more(More)
The transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily V, member 1 (TRPV1) is a nonselective cation channel that can be activated by a wide range of noxious stimuli, including capsaicin, acid, and heat. Blockade of TRPV1 activation by selective antagonists is under investigation in an attempt to identify novel agents for pain treatment. The design and(More)
Hepatic glucose overproduction is a major characteristic of type 2 diabetes. Because glucagon is a key regulator for glucose homeostasis, antagonizing the glucagon receptor (GCGR) is a possible therapeutic strategy for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. To study the effect of hepatic GCGR inhibition on the regulation of lipid metabolism, we generated(More)