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To characterize prescription opioid dependent patients in a methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) program, a detailed retrospective chart review of new admissions (1997-1999, n=178, mean age=34.5+/-0.7 years, 65% male) was conducted. At admission most patients (83%) had been using prescription opioids (+/-heroin). Four groups were identified: 24% had used(More)
INTRODUCTION We hypothesized that fuzzy logic could be used for pharmacokinetic modeling. Our objectives were to develop and evaluate a model for predicting serum lithium concentrations with fuzzy logic. METHODS Steady-state pharmacokinetic data had been previously collected in 10 elderly patients (age range, 67 to 80 years) with depression who were(More)
OBJECTIVES To quantify and compare potential benefits (subjective reports of sleep variables) and risks (adverse events and morning-after psychomotor impairment) of short term treatment with sedative hypnotics in older people with insomnia. DATA SOURCES Medline, Embase, the Cochrane clinical trials database, PubMed, and PsychLit, 1966 to 2003;(More)
Buprenorphine is a semi-synthetic opioid derived from thebaine, a naturally occurring alkaloid of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. The pharmacology of buprenorphine is unique in that it is a partial agonist at the opioid mu receptor. Buprenorphine undergoes extensive first-pass metabolism and therefore has very low oral bioavailability; however, its(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical observation that the number of individuals seeking opioid detoxification from oxycodone was increasing at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) in Toronto, Ont; and to identify the characteristics of individuals seeking opioid detoxification at CAMH. DESIGN Retrospective analysis of patient health records. (More)
The evidence is reviewed for effective serum lithium concentrations for the acute and prophylactic treatment of mania and depression in patients with bipolar disorder. The efficacy of lithium in the treatment of acute manic episodes has been recognised for several decades, primarily using concentrations in the range of 0.8 to 2 mmol/L. The number of(More)
1. In microsomes prepared from three human livers, methadone competitively inhibited the O-demethylation of dextromethorphan, a marker substrate for CYP2D6. The apparent Ki value of methadone ranged from 2.5 to 5 microM. 2. Two hundred and fifty-two (252) white Caucasians, including 210 unrelated healthy volunteers and 42 opiate abusers undergoing treatment(More)
The resurgence of interest in anhedonia within major depression has been fuelled by clinical trials demonstrating its utility in predicting antidepressant response as well as recent conceptualizations focused on the role and manifestation of anhedonia in depression. Historically, anhedonia has been understood as a "loss of pleasure", yet neuropsychological(More)
BACKGROUND Insight has been defined as: (1) recognition of symptomatology, (2) the ability to attribute symptoms to a mental health disorder, and (3) complying with treatment. Insight is related to medication compliance, course of illness and outcome. Current instruments for measuring insight are limited to those that have been validated primarily in(More)
The pharmacotherapeutic use of lithium in the elderly as acute and maintenance therapy in bipolar disorder and augmentation therapy for major depression is well documented. Differences in the response to lithium are explained, in part, by the effect of age-related physiological changes, comorbid conditions, and concurrent medications on the pharmacokinetics(More)