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OBJECTIVES To determine whether genotypes at CLU, PICALM, and CR1 confer risk for Alzheimer disease (AD) and whether risk for AD associated with these genes is influenced by apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotypes. DESIGN Association study of AD and CLU, PICALM, CR1, and APOE genotypes. SETTING Academic research institutions in the United States, Canada, and(More)
Two de novo insertions of truncated L1 elements into the factor VIII gene on the X chromosome have been identified that produced hemophilia A. A full-length L1 element that is the likely progenitor of one of these insertions was isolated by its sequence identity to the factor VIII insertion. This L1 element contains two open-reading frames and is one of at(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association of risk and age at onset (AAO) of Alzheimer disease (AD) with single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the chromosome 19 region including apolipoprotein E (APOE) and a repeat-length polymorphism in TOMM40 (poly-T, rs10524523). DESIGN Conditional logistic regression models and survival analysis. SETTING Fifteen(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of late-onset Alzheimer disease (LOAD) identified 9 novel risk loci. Discovery of functional variants within genes at these loci is required to confirm their role in Alzheimer disease (AD). Single nucleotide polymorphisms that influence gene expression (eSNPs) constitute an important class of(More)
Despite considerable effort to identify susceptibility loci for schizophrenia, none have been localized. Multiple genome scans and collaborative efforts have shown evidence for linkage to regions on chromosomes 1q, 5q, 6q, 8p, 13q, 10p and 22q.(1-9) Heterogeneity is likely. We previously mapped schizophrenia susceptibility loci (SSL) to chromosomes 13q32 (P(More)
BACKGROUND The inheritance pattern in most cases of autism is complex. The risk of autism is increased in siblings of children with autism and previous studies have indicated that the level of risk can be further identified by the accumulation of multiple susceptibility single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) allowing for the identification of a higher-risk(More)
Freedman et al. [1997: Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 94:587-592] reported linkage in nine multiplex schizophrenia families to markers on chromosome 15, using impaired neuronal inhibition to repeated auditory stimuli (P50), a neurophysiological deficit associated with schizophrenia, as the phenotype. The highest LOD score obtained (5.3 at theta = 0) was for marker(More)
L1 elements constitute a highly repetitive human DNA family (50,000 to 100,000 copies) lacking long terminal repeats and ending in a poly(A) tail. Some L1 elements are capable of retrotransposition in the human genome (Kazazian, H. H., Jr., C. Wong, H. Youssoufian, A. F. Scott, D. G. Phillips, and S.E. Antonarakis, Nature (London) 332:164-166, 1988).(More)
The accumulation of unfolded or misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) results in the condition called "ER stress," which induces the unfolded protein response (UPR), a complex cellular process that includes changes in expression of many genes. Failure to restore homeostasis in the ER is associated with human diseases. To identify the(More)
A new method has been devised to measure the number of base pairs per helical turn along any DNA molecule in solution. A DNA restriction fragment is adsorbed onto crystalline calcium phosphate, fragmented by reaction with iron(II) EDTA, and subjected to electrophoresis on a denaturing polyacrylamide gel. A modulated cutting pattern results, which gives(More)