Beryl A. Howell

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During the past ten years, alternatives to incarceration 1 have been imposed for between 15 and 25 percent of federal offenders. The true extent to which courts impose these alternatives is not apparent in this trend, however, because of the unique composition of the federal sentencing population. Specifically, a large proportion of non-citizen federal(More)
directly amended several sentencing guidelines and policy statements in the 2002 Guidelines Manual. These amendments made by Congress became effective on April 30, 2003, when the President signed the Act into law, and the Sentencing Commission is required under the legislation to distribute the amendments forthwith to federal courts and probation offices.(More)
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