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The murine lambda gene locus is organized as follows: V lambda 2-V lambda x-J lambda 2C lambda 2-psi J lambda 4C lambda 4-V lambda 1-J lambda 3C lambda 3-J lambda 1C lambda 1 where all segments have the same transcriptional orientation. The combinatorial process of gene recombination should allow the generation of eight distinct immunoglobulin light chains.(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Follicular lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are indolent B-cell malignancies characterized by a long preclinical phase and frequent relapses once treatment is initiated. The present review gathers recent findings on the occurrence, relevance, and dynamics of premalignant cells in the development of follicular lymphoma and(More)
V(D)J recombination of TCR loci is regulated by chromatin accessibility to RAG1/2 proteins, rendering RAG1/2 targeting a potentially important regulator of lymphoid differentiation. We show that within the human TCR-α/δ locus, Dδ2-Dδ3 rearrangements occur at a very immature thymic, CD34(+)/CD1a(-)/CD7(+dim) stage, before Dδ2(Dδ3)-Jδ1 rearrangements. These(More)
Cumulative evidence indicates that MYC, one of the major downstream effectors of NOTCH1, is a critical component of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) oncogenesis and a potential candidate for targeted therapy. However, MYC is a complex oncogene, involving both fine protein dosage and cell-context dependency, and detailed understanding of(More)
The pathogenesis of follicular lymphoma is a multi-hit process progressing over many years through the accumulation of numerous genetic alterations. Besides the hallmark t(14;18), it is still unclear which other oncogenic hits contribute to the early steps of transformation and in which precursor stages these occur. To address this issue, we performed(More)
The C-Myb transcription factor is essential for hematopoiesis, including in the T-cell lineage. The C-Myb locus is a common site of retroviral insertional mutagenesis, however no recurrent genomic involvement has been reported in human malignancies. Here, we identified 2 types of genomic alterations involving the C-MYB locus at 6q23 in human T-cell acute(More)
The human t(14;18) chromosomal translocation is assumed to result from illegitimate rearrangement between BCL-2 and D(H)/J(H) gene segments during V(D)J recombination in early B cells. De novo nucleotides are found inserted in most breakpoints and have been thus far interpreted as nontemplated N region additions. In this report, we have analyzed both direct(More)
Follicular lymphoma is one of the most common adult lymphoma, and remains virtually incurable despite its relatively indolent nature. t(14;18)(q32;q21) translocation, the genetic hallmark and early initiating event of follicular lymphoma (FL) pathogenesis, is also present at low frequency in the peripheral blood of healthy individuals. It has long been(More)
Monogenic interleukin-10 (IL-10) and IL-10 receptor (IL-10R) deficiencies cause very early onset severe inflammatory bowel disease. Here, we report that 5 patients with an IL-10R1 (n = 1) or IL-10R2 (n = 4) deficiency developed B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma between the ages of 5 and 6 years (which was recurrent in 1 patient). These lymphomas had some of the(More)