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BACKGROUND The response to the anticoagulant drug warfarin is greatly affected by genetic polymorphisms in the VKORC1 and CYP2C9 genes. Genotyping these polymorphisms has been shown to be important in reducing the time of the trial and error process for finding the maintenance dose of warfarin thus reducing the risk of adverse effects of the drug. METHOD… (More)
Herein we show the development of a minimally instrumented paper-based molecular diagnostic for point of care detection of sexually transmitted infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. This new diagnostic platform incorporates cell lysis, isothermal nucleic acid amplification, and lateral flow visual detection using only a pressure source and heat block,… (More)
In vitro DNA amplification methods, such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), rely on synthetic oligonucleotide primers for initiation of the reaction. In vivo, primers are synthesized on-template by DNA primase. The bacteriophage T7 gene 4 protein (gp4) has both primase and helicase activities. In this study, we report the development of a primase-based… (More)
A simple, rapid, and user-friendly procedure has been developed to identify Staphylococcus aureus and determine its methicillin resistance directly from gram-positive cocci in cluster-containing blood culture medium. The specimens were diluted and heated prior to amplification of the nuc and mecA genes with isothermal helicase-dependent amplification.… (More)
BACKGROUND In the past decades the rapid growth of molecular diagnostics (based on either traditional PCR or isothermal amplification technologies) meet the demand for fast and accurate testing. Although isothermal amplification technologies have the advantages of low cost requirements for instruments, the further improvement on sensitivity, speed and… (More)
There is a clear need for an instrument-free molecular diagnostic system for detecting human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA or DNA that can be used in developing countries. Such a test could be used for early diagnosis of HIV-1 infection during infancy and could serve as a surrogate end point for vaccine trials. We developed the IsoAmp HIV-1… (More)
Genetic algorithms, DNA computing, and in vitro evolution are brieey discussed. Elements of these are combined into laboratory procedures, and preliminary results are shown. The traditional test problem for genetic algorithms called the MAX 1s problem is addressed.
Elements of evolutionary computation and molecular biology are combined to design a DNA evolutionary computation. The traditional test problem for evolutionary computation , OneMax problem is addressed. The key feature is the physical separation of DNA strands consistent with OneMax \\tness."
Aspects of Evolutionary Computation, DNA computing, and in vitro evolution are combined in proposed laboratory procedures. Preliminary experimental results are shown. The traditional test problem for Evolutionary Computation known as the OneMax problem is addressed. The preliminary experimental results indicate successful laboratory separation by tness" of… (More)