Bertrand Lemieux

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In vitro DNA amplification methods, such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), rely on synthetic oligonucleotide primers for initiation of the reaction. In vivo, primers are synthesized on-template by DNA primase. The bacteriophage T7 gene 4 protein (gp4) has both primase and helicase activities. In this study, we report the development of a primase-based(More)
A simple, rapid, and user-friendly procedure has been developed to identify Staphylococcus aureus and determine its methicillin resistance directly from gram-positive cocci in cluster-containing blood culture medium. The specimens were diluted and heated prior to amplification of the nuc and mecA genes with isothermal helicase-dependent amplification.(More)
DNA chip technology utilizes microscopic arrays (microarrays) of molecules immobilized on solid surfaces for biochemical analysis. Microarrays can be used for expression analysis, polymorphism detection, DNA resequencing, and genotyping on a genomic scale. Advanced arraying technologies such as photolithograpy, micro-spotting and ink jetting, coupled with(More)
We have estimated the extent of chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) variation in three species of green algae belonging to the genus Chlamydomonas to determine if this variation could be used for taxonomic studies. The overall arrangement of sequences in the chloroplast genome of Chlamydomonas eugametos was compared with that of the closely related C. moewusii and that(More)
There is a clear need for an instrument-free molecular diagnostic system for detecting human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA or DNA that can be used in developing countries. Such a test could be used for early diagnosis of HIV-1 infection during infancy and could serve as a surrogate end point for vaccine trials. We developed the IsoAmp HIV-1(More)
BACKGROUND The response to the anticoagulant drug warfarin is greatly affected by genetic polymorphisms in the VKORC1 and CYP2C9 genes. Genotyping these polymorphisms has been shown to be important in reducing the time of the trial and error process for finding the maintenance dose of warfarin thus reducing the risk of adverse effects of the drug. METHOD(More)
Genetic algorithms, DNA computing, and in vitro evolution are brie y discussed. Elements of these are combined into laboratory procedures, and preliminary results are shown. The traditional test problem for genetic algorithms called the MAX 1s problem is addressed. Preliminary experimental results indicate successful laboratory \separation by tness" of DNA(More)
We have recently reported the map positions of the ribosomal RNA genes and 6 protein-coding genes on the 292 kbp Chlamydomonas moewusii chloroplast genome. In the present study we localized 12 additional protein-coding genes on this green algal genome as well as 5 of these genes on the 196 kbp C. reinhardtii chloroplast genome. The gene mapping data agree(More)