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Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is characterized by progressive weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs due to degeneration of corticospinal axons. We found that patients from a chromosome 16q24.3-linked HSP family are homozygous for a 9.5 kb deletion involving a gene encoding a novel protein, named Paraplegin. Two additional Paraplegin mutations,(More)
The pathomechanism of familial hypokalemic periodic paralysis (HypoPP) is a mystery, despite knowledge of the underlying dominant point mutations in the dihydropyridine receptor (DHPR) voltage sensor. In five HypoPP families without DHPR gene defects, we identified two mutations, Arg-672-->His and -->Gly, in the voltage sensor of domain 2 of a different(More)
Myotonic syndromes and periodic paralyses are rare disorders of skeletal muscle characterized mainly by muscle stiffness or episodic attacks of weakness. Familial forms are caused by mutations in genes coding for skeletal muscle voltage-gated ion channels. Exercise is known to trigger, aggravate, or relieve the symptoms. Therefore, exercise can be used as a(More)
1. Mutations in the gene encoding the alpha 1-subunit of the skeletal muscle dihydropyridine (DHP) receptor are responsible for familial hypokalaemic periodic paralysis (HypoPP), an autosomal dominant muscle disease. We investigated myotubes cultured from muscle of patients with arginine-to-histidine substitutions in putative voltage sensors, IIS4 (R528H)(More)
Rabbit cDNA of the alpha1 subunit of the skeletal muscle dihydropyridine (DHP) receptor was functionally expressed in a muscular dysgenesis mouse (mdg) cell line, GLT. L-type calcium currents and transients were recorded for the wild type and a mutant alpha1 subunit carrying an R528H substitution in the supposed voltage sensor of the second channel domain(More)
Hypokalaemic periodic paralysis (HypoPP) is an autosomal dominant muscle disease which has been linked to point mutations in the skeletal muscle L-type calcium channel alpha 1 subunit (alpha 1s). Here, we have introduced one of the point mutations causing HypoPP (R528H) into cDNA of the rabbit alpha 1s. Expression of either the wild-type alpha 1s or the(More)
Multiple sclerosis is a common disease of the central nervous system in which the interplay between inflammatory and neurodegenerative processes typically results in intermittent neurological disturbance followed by progressive accumulation of disability. Epidemiological studies have shown that genetic factors are primarily responsible for the substantially(More)
Alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC) is a rare, severe neurodevelopmental syndrome characterized by recurrent hemiplegic episodes and distinct neurological manifestations. AHC is usually a sporadic disorder and has unknown etiology. We used exome sequencing of seven patients with AHC and their unaffected parents to identify de novo nonsynonymous(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary spastic paraplegias are disorders that are very heterogeneous, both clinically and genetically. The atlastin1 gene has recently been implicated in SPG3A, a form of autosomal dominant pure spastic paraplegia. Atlastin1 mutations have been identified in 8 families so far. OBJECTIVES To determine the relative frequency, phenotype, and(More)
BACKGROUND Periodic paralysis is classified into hypokalemic (hypoPP) and hyperkalemic (hyperPP) periodic paralysis according to variations of blood potassium levels during attacks. OBJECTIVE To describe new mutations in the muscle sodium channel gene SCN4A that cause periodic paralysis. METHODS A thorough clinical, electrophysiologic, and molecular(More)