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Mechanisms for protecting spermatozoa, and the testes that produce them, from infection are essential, given the importance of these cells and organs for the fertility of the individual and perpetuation of the species. This is borne out by the publication of numerous papers on this subject over the last 50 years. We extended our work and that of others on(More)
Defensins are antimicrobial peptides that play a major role in innate immunity. Using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, immunochemistry, or both, we performed a search of all presently known defensins in rat testis, epididymis, and isolated testicular cells; in mouse testis and epididymis; and in human testis and ejaculates. In the rat, all(More)
Despite the essential role played by spermatogonia in testicular function, little is known about these cells. To improve our understanding of their biology, our group recently identified a set of 53 spermatogonial proteins using two-dimensional (2-D) gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. To continue this work, we investigated a subset of the(More)
Budding yeast noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) are pervasively transcribed during mitosis, and some regulate mitotic protein-coding genes. However, little is known about ncRNA expression during meiotic development. Using high-resolution profiling we identified an extensive meiotic ncRNA expression program interlaced with the protein-coding transcriptome via(More)
The aim of this study was to test in vitro the efficacy of TAC, an original G-quadruplex ligand, as a potential radiosensitizing agent for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Two human radioresistant telomerase-positive GBM cell lines (SF763 and SF767) were analyzed, with and without TAC treatment, for telomere length, cell proliferation, apoptosis, cell-cycle(More)
STUDY QUESTION Can protein biomarkers of the male genital tract be identified in human seminal plasma? SUMMARY ANSWER We identified potential biomarkers for each of the organs participating in the secretions of the human seminal plasma. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY The seminal plasma fulfills critical functions for fertility by providing spermatozoa with a(More)
BACKGROUND Mammalian spermatogenesis is a process that involves a complex expression program in both somatic and germ cells present in the male gonad. A number of studies have attempted to define the transcriptome of male meiosis and gametogenesis in rodents and primates. Few human transcripts, however, have been associated with testicular somatic cells and(More)
Stathmin is a protein known to be involved in various cell processes including cell proliferation and differentiation. It has already been described in the testis but its recent identification using a proteomic approach in mitotic spermatogenetic stem cells named spermatogonia (Guillaume et al., 2000) has lead us to reinvestigate its expression within the(More)
In a recent proteomic study we identified 53 spermatogonial proteins among which was the translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP). This is a protein previously reported as being implicated in proliferation events in normal and tumoral tissues that had never previously been seen in the testis. The present study was aimed at establishing the complete(More)
Mammalian spermatogenesis is a complex and highly orchestrated combination of processes in which male germline proliferation and differentiation result in the production of mature spermatozoa. If recent genome-wide studies have contributed to the in-depth analysis of the male germline protein-encoding transcriptome, little effort has yet been devoted to the(More)