Learn More
Studies in invertebrates have led to the identification of a number of genes that regulate lifespan, some of which encode components of the insulin or insulin-like signalling pathways. Examples include the related tyrosine kinase receptors InR (Drosophila melanogaster) and DAF-2 (Caenorhabditis elegans) that are homologues of the mammalian insulin-like(More)
The effects of the selective CCK-B agonists, BC 264 and BC 197, and the nonselective CCK agonist BDNL were investigated in the elevated plus-maze in rats. BDNL and BC 197 induced anxiogeniclike effects, in contrast to BC 264, which had no effect. The behavioral responses induced by BDNL were not significantly blocked by L-365,260, but were suppressed by(More)
We have previously demonstrated that the envelope proteins of a murine and primate retrovirus are immunosuppressive in vivo. This property was manifested by the ability of the proteins, when expressed by allogeneic tumor cells normally rejected by engrafted mice, to have the env-expressing cells escape (at least transiently) immune rejection. Here, we(More)
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system is a major regulator of somatic growth in vertebrates. Both ligands (IGF-I and IGF-II) signal via the same IGF receptor (IGF-IR). Classical IGF-IR invalidation is lethal at birth, so that conditional models are needed to study the postnatal role of this receptor. To establish a genetically inducible invalidation(More)
Alterations of chromatin modifiers are frequent in cancer, but their functional consequences often remain unclear. Focusing on the Polycomb protein EZH2 that deposits the H3K27me3 (trimethylation of Lys27 of histone H3) mark, we showed that its high expression in solid tumors is a consequence, not a cause, of tumorigenesis. In mouse and human models, EZH2(More)
Chronic renal failure in childhood causes severe growth retardation. The aim of the study was to identify whether changes in the IGF system could account for the growth retardation observed in children with chronic renal failure. Insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) serum concentrations, insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBP) and/or IGF-I binding(More)
Reduced IGF type I receptor levels diminish postnatal growth rate and adult body weight in mice. Here, we studied the impact of experimental IGF receptor deficiency on tissue-specific growth by Cre-lox-mediated dosage of a floxed IGF-IR gene. We generated mice with a wide spectrum of receptor deficiency (5-82%), and separated them into two groups with(More)
All-trans retinoic acid (RA) is a key player in many developmental pathways. Most methods used to study its effects in development involve continuous all-trans RA activation by incubation in a solution of all-trans RA or by implanting all-trans RA-soaked beads at desired locations in the embryo. Here we show that the UV-driven photo-isomerization of 13-cis(More)
To improve our knowledge of the bioactive conformation of CCK-B antagonists, we have developed a new series of constrained dipeptoids whose synthesis and biochemical properties are reported here. These compounds, of general structure N alpha-[(2-adamantyloxy)carbonyl]-alpha-methyltryptophanyl-(4 -X)-proline, were designed by introducing a cyclization in the(More)
New constrained cyclic pseudopeptide cholecystokinin-B (CCK-B) agonists have been designed on the basis of conformational characteristics of the potent and selective CCK-B agonist Boc-Trp-(NMe)Nle-Asp-Phe-NH2 (Ki = 0.8 nM, selectivity ratio CCK-A/CCK-B > 6000) (Goudreau et al. Biopolymers, 1994, 34, 155-169). These compounds are among the first successful(More)