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The surface mechanomyogram (MMG) (detectable at the muscle surface as MMG by accelerometers, piezoelectric contact sensors or other transducers) is the summation of the activity of single motor units (MUs). Each MU contribution is related to the pressure waves generated by the active muscle fibres. The first part of this article will review briefly the(More)
The frequency content of muscular sound (MS), detected by placing a contact sensor transducer over the belly of the biceps brachii during 10 isometric contractions of 4 s each [10-100% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC)] in seven sedentary men, was analyzed by the maximum entropy spectral estimation and the fast Fourier transform methods. With(More)
The purpose of this work was to verify if deviation from the mirror-like behaviour of the motor units activation strategy (MUAS) and de-activation strategy (MUDS) and the degree of the error of the motor control system, during consecutive linearly increasing-decreasing isometric tension tasks, depend on the maximum reached tension and/or on the rate of(More)
The purpose of the study was to verify, by means of torque and mechanomyogram (MMG) compared analysis, the validity of MMG as a tool to investigate the contractile changes due to localized muscular fatigue induced by stimulation protocols usually employed for sport training and rehabilitation programs. Ten healthy sedentary subjects participated in the(More)
UNLABELLED Torque and laser detected surface mechanomyogram (MMG) analysis after electrical stimulation of human tibialis anterior (TA) of 14 male subjects was aimed to: (a) obtain the dynamic responses of TA muscle-joint unit from a long (LP, about 1h) and short (SP, 12.5s) stimulation protocol; (b) compare the resulting transfer function parameters from(More)
The changes in the soundmyogram (SMG) and electromyogram (EMG) frequency content during exhausting contractions at 20%, 40%, 60% and 80% of the maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) were investigated by the spectral analysis of the SMG and EMG detected from the biceps brachii muscles of 13 healthy men. The root mean squares (rms) of the two signals were also(More)
The activated muscle generates a low frequency rumbling noise, which is known as the Sound-MyoGram (SMG). Spectral analysis of the SMG is carried out in this work, in order to: (i) check the adequacy of both the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and the Maximum Entropy Spectrum Estimation (MESE). Because it is a well known technique, the FFT method is only(More)
UNLABELLED This work aimed to verify if maximal electrically evoked single twitch (STmax) scan discloses the relative functional weight of fast and slow small bundles of fibres (SBF) in determining the contractile features of tibialis anterior (TA) with ageing. SBFs were recruited by TA main motor point stimulation through 60 increasing levels of(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to estimate the dynamic response of a human muscle joint unit by means of the analysis of the torque signal recorded during electrical stimulation of the tibialis anterior (TA). Ten subjects (age: 23-50 years, 7 males, 3 females) volunteered for the study. The leg was fixed in an ergometer designed for isometric(More)
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