Bertrand Bellier

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Early responses of Tregs and effector T cells (Teffs) to their first encounter with tumor cells have been poorly characterized. Here we have shown, in both implanted and in situ-induced mouse tumor models, that the appearance of tumor cells is immediately sensed by CD44hi memory Tregs that are specific for self antigens. The rapid response of these Tregs(More)
In addition to CD4(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs), CD8(+) suppressor T cells are emerging as an important subset of regulatory T cells. Diverse populations of CD8(+) T cells with suppressive activities have been described. Among them, a small population of CD8(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) T cells is found both in mice and humans. In contrast to thymic-derived(More)
The diversity of the human immune repertoire and how it relates to a functional immune response has not yet been studied in detail in humanized NOD.SCID.gammac(-/-) immunodeficient mice. Here, we used a multiplex PCR on genomic DNA to quantify the combinatorial diversity of all possible V-J rearrangements at the TCR-beta chain and heavy chain Ig locus. We(More)
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, with its cohort of life-threatening complications, affects more than 200 million persons worldwide and has a prevalence of more than 10% in certain countries. Preventive and therapeutic vaccines against HCV are thus much needed. Neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) are the foundation for successful disease prevention for(More)
The present study examined, in mice, whether regional patterns of brain monoamines concentrations (DA, 5-HT and their metabolites) and expression of c-Fos protein, that may represent a prolonged functional change in neurons, could be changed after a combined exposure to stress and the peripheral cholinesterase reversible inhibitor pyridostigmine (PYR).(More)
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are pivotal for maintenance of immune self-tolerance and also regulate immune responses to exogenous Ags, including allergens. Both decreased Treg number and function have been reported in allergic patients, offering new therapeutic perspectives. We previously demonstrated that Tregs can be selectively expanded and activated by(More)
Standard immunosuppressive drugs used for allogeneic organ transplantation do not specifically target alloreactive T cells and must be given for the lifetime of the patient, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. We aimed to induce experimental immune tolerance to vascularized heart allograft using a suicide gene allowing selective elimination of(More)
The induction of potent virus-specific immune responses at mucosal surfaces where virus transmission occurs is a major challenge for vaccination strategies. In the case of influenza vaccination, this has been achieved only by intranasal delivery of live-attenuated vaccines that otherwise pose safety problems. Here, we demonstrate that potent mucosal and(More)
Virus-like particle (VLP)-based vaccines have provided highly encouraging results in clinical trials while, in contrast, DNA vaccines expressing non-particulate proteins have proven less successful. Seeking to combine the immunogenicity of VLPs and the ease of production of plasmid DNA, we designed DNA vaccines expressing VLPs consisting of the MLV Gag and(More)
Replication-defective vectors based on murine oncoretroviruses were the first gene transfer vectors to be used in successful gene therapies. Despite this achievement, they have two major drawbacks: insufficient efficacy for in vivo gene transfer and insertional mutagenesis. Attempts to overcome these problems have led to two retroviral vector designs of(More)