Learn More
In addition to CD4(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs), CD8(+) suppressor T cells are emerging as an important subset of regulatory T cells. Diverse populations of CD8(+) T cells with suppressive activities have been described. Among them, a small population of CD8(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) T cells is found both in mice and humans. In contrast to thymic-derived(More)
Virus-like particle (VLP)-based vaccines have provided highly encouraging results in clinical trials while, in contrast, DNA vaccines expressing non-particulate proteins have proven less successful. Seeking to combine the immunogenicity of VLPs and the ease of production of plasmid DNA, we designed DNA vaccines expressing VLPs consisting of the MLV Gag and(More)
The induction of potent virus-specific immune responses at mucosal surfaces where virus transmission occurs is a major challenge for vaccination strategies. In the case of influenza vaccination, this has been achieved only by intranasal delivery of live-attenuated vaccines that otherwise pose safety problems. Here, we demonstrate that potent mucosal and(More)
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, with its cohort of life-threatening complications, affects more than 200 million persons worldwide and has a prevalence of more than 10% in certain countries. Preventive and therapeutic vaccines against HCV are thus much needed. Neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) are the foundation for successful disease prevention for(More)
Early responses of Tregs and effector T cells (Teffs) to their first encounter with tumor cells have been poorly characterized. Here we have shown, in both implanted and in situ-induced mouse tumor models, that the appearance of tumor cells is immediately sensed by CD44hi memory Tregs that are specific for self antigens. The rapid response of these Tregs(More)
The diversity of the human immune repertoire and how it relates to a functional immune response has not yet been studied in detail in humanized NOD.SCID.gammac(-/-) immunodeficient mice. Here, we used a multiplex PCR on genomic DNA to quantify the combinatorial diversity of all possible V-J rearrangements at the TCR-beta chain and heavy chain Ig locus. We(More)
Immunological memory, defined as more efficient immune responses on antigen reexposure, can last for decades. The current paradigm is that memory is maintained by antigen-experienced "memory T cells" that can be long-lived quiescent or dividing. The contribution of T cell division to memory maintenance is poorly known and has important clinical(More)
The present study examined, in mice, whether regional patterns of brain monoamines concentrations (DA, 5-HT and their metabolites) and expression of c-Fos protein, that may represent a prolonged functional change in neurons, could be changed after a combined exposure to stress and the peripheral cholinesterase reversible inhibitor pyridostigmine (PYR).(More)
While the immunological correlates of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific immunity are not well understood, it is now admitted that an effective vaccine against HCV will need to induce both cellular and humoral immune responses and address viral heterogeneity to prevent immune escape. We developed a vaccine platform specifically aimed at inducing such(More)
HCV infection is a worldwide health problem and much effort is being made to develop novel therapies. New vaccines are designed for preventive and therapeutic use through induction of robust immunity, including neutralizing antibodies and T-cell-mediated immunity. Novel future vaccine approaches include virus-like particle (VLP)-based vaccines that have(More)