Bertrand Arnou

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The sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) couples ATP hydrolysis to transport of Ca(2+). This directed energy transfer requires cross-talk between the two Ca(2+) sites and the phosphorylation site over 50 Å distance. We have addressed the mechano-structural basis for this intramolecular signal by analysing the structure and the functional(More)
Dendritic cells, a sentinel immunity cell lineage, include different cell subsets that express various C-type lectins. For example, epidermal Langerhans cells express langerin, and some dermal dendritic cells express DC-SIGN. Langerin is a crucial component of Birbeck granules, the Langerhans cell hallmark organelle, and may have a preventive role toward(More)
For structural studies of integral membrane proteins, including their 3D crystallization, the judicious use of detergent for solubilization and purification is required. Detergent binding by the solubilized protein is an important parameter to determine the hydrodynamic properties in terms of size and aggregational (monomeric/oligo(proto)meric) state of the(More)
In recent years crystal structures of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA1a), stabilized in various conformations with nucleotide and phosphate analogs, have been obtained. However, structural analysis of mutant forms would also be valuable to address key mechanistic aspects. We have worked out a procedure for affinity purification of SERCA1a(More)
The antimalarial drugs artemisinins have been described as inhibiting Ca(2+)-ATPase activity of PfATP6 (Plasmodium falciparum ATP6) after expression in Xenopus oocytes. Mutation of an amino acid residue in mammalian SERCA1 (Glu(255)) to the equivalent one predicted in PfATP6 (Leu) was reported to induce sensitivity to artemisinin in the oocyte system.(More)
The disease malaria, caused by the parasite Plasmodium falciparum, remains one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. In the absence of an efficient vaccine, the medical treatment of malaria is dependent on the use of drugs. Since artemisinin is a powerful anti-malarial drug which has been proposed to target a(More)
The mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier, or Ancp, is a member of the mitochondrial carrier family (MCF). It exchanges ADP and ATP between matrix and intermembrane space. It is postulated from numerous experiments that the inactive Ancp bound to one of its inhibitors (CATR or BA) is a dimer, and it is inferred that the active unit is a dimer, too. However, the(More)
Vanadate is the hallmark inhibitor of the P-type ATPase family; however, structural details of its inhibitory mechanism have remained unresolved. We have determined the crystal structure of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase with bound vanadate in the absence of Ca(2+). Vanadate is bound at the catalytic site as a planar VO3(-) in complex with water and(More)
Heterologous SERCA1a Ca(2+)-ATPase (sarco-endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-adenosine triphosphatase isoform 1a) from rabbit was expressed in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a fusion protein, with a biotin acceptor domain (BAD) linked to the SERCA C-terminus by a thrombin cleavage site. Thanks to the pYeDP60 vector, the recombinant protein was expressed under(More)
ADP/ATP carriers (AACs) are major and essential constituents of the inner mitochondrial membrane. They drive the import of ADP and the export of newly synthesized ATP. They were described as functional dimers from the 1980s until the structures of the AAC shed doubt on this consensus. We aimed to ascertain the published biophysical data claiming that AACs(More)