Bertram Marcus Schwarzschild
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A year of full-sky observation by the newly rechristened Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe greatly strengthens the case for inflationary Big Bang cosmology.
To determine the rate at which the cosmos is expanding, one has to measure the redshifts and brightnesses of objects very far away. To seek out the derivative of that rate—the expected deceleration,… Continue Reading
It is hard to imagine that nature might violate the CPT theorem. Its proof invokes only rock‐bottom assumptions of quantum field theory, and many of its consequences have been tested to very high… Continue Reading
The Hubble Space Telescope has provided a harvest of supernovae that exploded when the universe was less than half its present linear size.
A renaissance of cosmic‐ray physics in this decade has been doling out tantalizing bits of evidence for extraordinary phenomena involving photons far more energetic than one can make in the… Continue Reading
A close encounter with a supernova two million years ago might be responsible for a widespread extinction of mollusks.
These are exciting times for cosmologists. The “standard cosmological model” that purports to describe the evolution of the universe is being tested at both ends by spectacular astronomical… Continue Reading
The standard model of particle theory predicts that all three fundamental coupling “constants” vary with distance. But demonstrating the variation for the weak interactions required an experimental… Continue Reading
Paul Dirac showed in 1931 that the existence of even a single monopole, anywhere, would suffice to explain the universal quantization of electric charge.