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Associative and propositional processes in evaluation: an integrative review of implicit and explicit attitude change.
An integrative review of the available evidence on implicit and explicit attitude change that is guided by a distinction between associative and propositional processes is provided.
A Meta-Analysis on the Correlation Between the Implicit Association Test and Explicit Self-Report Measures
The results suggest that implicit and explicit measures are generally related but that higher order inferences and lack of conceptual correspondence can reduce the influence of automatic associations on explicit self-reports.
Deontological and utilitarian inclinations in moral decision making: a process dissociation approach.
The current research applied Jacoby's (1991) process dissociation procedure to independently quantify the strength of deontological and utilitarian inclinations within individuals, providing evidence for the independent contributions of de ontological andilitarian inclinations to moral judgments.
The Associative–Propositional Evaluation Model: Theory, Evidence, and Open Questions
Abstract A central theme in contemporary psychology is the distinction between implicit and explicit evaluations. Research has shown various dissociations between the two kinds of evaluations,
Separating multiple processes in implicit social cognition: the quad model of implicit task performance.
The quadruple process model proposed and tested in the present article quantitatively disentangles the influences of 4 distinct processes on implicit task performance: the likelihood that automatic bias is activated by a stimulus; that a correct response can be determined; thatautomatic bias is overcome; and that, in the absence of other information, a guessing bias drives responses.
Ten Frequently Asked Questions About Implicit Measures and Their Frequently Supposed, But Not Entirely Correct Answers
Self-report measures are often criticised for their susceptibility to self-presentation and their inability to capture mental contents that are inaccessible to introspection. Over the past decade,
Are We Puppets on a String? Comparing the Impact of Contingency and Validity on Implicit and Explicit Evaluations
Results from three experiments showed that the perceived validity of evaluative information about social targets qualified both explicit and implicit evaluations when validity information was available immediately after the encoding of the valence information; however, delaying the presentation of validity information reduced its qualifying impact for implicit, but not explicit, evaluations.
I like it, because I like myself: Associative self-anchoring and post-decisional change of implicit evaluations
Research in the cognitive dissonance tradition has shown that choosing between two equally attractive alternatives leads to more favorable evaluations of chosen as compared to rejected alternatives
What does the implicit association test measure? A test of the convergent and discriminant validity of prejudice-related IATs.
Testing the convergent and discriminant validity of two prejudice-related IATs to corresponding explicit prejudice measures in a German student sample corroborate the assumption that the IAT is a valid method to assess the strength of evaluative associations in the domain of prejudice and stereotypes.
Are “implicit” attitudes unconscious?
The present article reviews the available evidence regarding unconscious features of indirectly assessed "implicit" attitudes and concludes that people sometimes lack conscious awareness of the origin of their attitudes, but that lack of source awareness is not a distinguishing feature of directly assessed versus self-reported attitudes.