Bertil Kinnby

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Plasminogen binding by bacteria is a virulence factor important for the entry and dissemination of bacteria in the body. A wide variety of bacteria bind plasminogen, including both organisms causing disease and components of the normal oral flora. The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of plasminogen binding by six clinical isolates of(More)
OBJECTIVE The study was designed to investigate the relative amount of MUC5B and MUC7 in minor salivary glands in children and adults, in order to test the hypothesis that secretion of salivary mucins changes between childhood and adulthood. METHODS Ninety individuals in the age-groups 3-year-olds, 14-year-olds, and young adults 20-25 year-olds were(More)
High concentrations of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and placental type plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-2) have previously been found in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of adults and children. In the present study, intra-individual comparisons were made of the concentrations of t-PA, urokinase type plasminogen activator (u-PA), PAI-1, and PAI-2(More)
Urokinase and tissue-type plasminogen activators (u--PA and t--PA) are serine proteases that convert plasminogen into plasmin, which degrades matrix proteins and activates metalloproteinases. The PAs are balanced by specific inhibitors (PAI--1 and PAI--2). Local production of t--PA and PAI--2 was recently demonstrated in human gingival tissues. The aim now(More)
HgCl2, CuSO4, SnCl2, SnCl4 or sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) were openly applied to rat oral mucosa for 1 min, followed 6 h later by histologic examination of the tissue response. Granulocytes were the predominant inflammatory cells and no lymphocytic infiltration could be seen with any of the substances tested. Irritant threshold levels were defined(More)
Glycoprotein 340 (gp-340) is a bacterial-binding glycoprotein found in major-gland and minor-gland saliva. Sialic acid, a common terminal structure of salivary glycoproteins, interacts with microorganisms and host ligands, as well as with free radicals. This study investigated the contents of gp-340 and sialic acid in minor-gland saliva and whole saliva of(More)
The plasminogen-activating system plays an important part in tissue proteolysis in physiological as well as pathological processes. Plasminogen activators u-PA (urokinase) and t-PA (tissue) as well as the inhibitors PAI-1 and PAI-2 are present in gingival crevicular fluid in concentrations significantly greater than in plasma. This fact, and the finding(More)
The plasminogen activating system is important for extracellular proteolysis and plays a regulatory role in interactions with other tissue degrading systems. Studies on the plasminogen activating system in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) as well as gingival tissue are reviewed. t-PA, u-PA, PAI-1 and PAI-2 have all been detected in GCF. Especially t-PA and(More)
Gingival inflammatory symptoms are aggravated during pregnancy. In vitro studies suggest a hormonal influence on the plasminogen activator inhibitor type 2 (PAI-2), and a disturbed balance of the fibrinolytic system could help to explain pregnancy gingivitis. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was sampled in 14 women in pregnant and post-pregnant states. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a model in which to investigate the architecture of plaque biofilms formed on enamel surfaces in vivo and to compare the effects of anti-microbial agents of relevance for caries on biofilm vitality. Materials and Methodology : Enamel discs mounted on healing abutments in the pre-molar region were worn by three subjects for 7 days.(More)