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A system for patient monitoring during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is described. The system is based on remote auscultation of heart sounds and respiratory sounds using specially developed pickup heads that are positioned on the precordium or at the nostrils and connected to microphones via polymer tubing. The microphones operate in a differential mode(More)
Respiratory failure can be difficult to predict. It can develop into a life-threatening condition in just a few minutes, or it can build up more slowly. Thus continuous monitoring of respiratory activity should be mandatory in clinical, high-risk situations, and appropriate monitoring equipment could be life-saving. The review considers non-invasive methods(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To determine the frequency of true and false alarms and to determine the frequency of alarm failures for various parameters when using a postanesthesia monitoring system. DESIGN Open prospective study. SETTING Postanesthesia care unit at a university hospital. PATIENTS 123 ASA physical status I-IV patients who underwent general or(More)
The intraocular lens (IOL) implant can be looked upon as a probe into the space of the eye. Adapting that view, it is logical to furnish the IOL-probe with biomedical sensors that would explore its environment. A sensor is presented for continuous monitoring of intraocular pressure (IOP), incorporated in the haptics of an IOL. The sensor consists of a(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare clinically relevant performance of: 1) a prototype respiratory sensor based on capnometry with two alternative signal receptor fixations, 2) a fiberoptic humidity sensor and 3) human visual observation. Comparative provocation tests were performed on volunteers at the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit at Västerås(More)
The need for continuous, noninvasive, and reliable respiratory rate monitoring during recovery from general anesthesia has long been recognized. Alternative principles can be grouped into those detecting the respiratory effort, and those detecting the actual result, i.e. the respiratory gas flow. The second category is of greatest interest for patient(More)
To study the degree of stenosis from the acoustic signal generated by the turbulent flow in a stenotic vessel, so-called phonoangiography was first suggested over 20 years ago. A reason for the limited use of the technique today may be that, in the early work, the theory of how to relate the spectrum of the acoustic signal to the degree of the stenosis was(More)
Respiratory monitoring, using a novel flow sensor based on an acoustic principle, has been investigated in 30 patients during postoperative analgesia. Each patient was subjected to monitoring and human observation for 8 hr. The study was performed by independent observers at three clinics. Significant correlation was noted between respiratory rate (RR)(More)
At cardiac investigations Doppler echocardiography is an established technique for the recording of intracardial and intravascular flow velocities. Transvalvular and venous flows are, however, markedly influenced by respiration. Since the start of inspiration is the important time of reference, accurate recording of the respiratory phase is important when(More)