Bertha Chávez

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Endocrine gland-derived vascular endothelial growth factor (EG-VEGF) was recently identified as the first tissue-specific angiogenic molecule. EG-VEGF (the gene product of PROK-1) appears to be expressed exclusively in steroid-producing organs such as the ovary, testis, adrenals and placenta. Since the human pancreatic cells retain steroidogenic activity,(More)
Inactivating mutations of the SRD5A2 gene result in steroid 5α-reductase 2 deficiency, an autosomal recessive disorder expressed as a male-limited disorder of sex development. Herein, genomic DNA was isolated from 11 new patients with apparent steroid 5α-reductase 2 deficiency. Coding sequence abnormalities in SRD5A2 were assessed by exon-specific(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that FSH stimulates cell proliferation in the ovary and the testis of the chick embryo. This study analyzed the presence of FSH receptor and the cell subpopulations that proliferate in response to FSH in chick embryo gonads. FSH receptor mRNA was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in the(More)
Dihydrotestosterone is crucial for normal development of external genitalia and prostate in the male embryo. Autosomal recessive mutations in the 5 alpha-reductase type 2 (SRD5A2) gene disrupt the synthesis of dihydrotestosterone in the urogenital tract and give rise to genetic males with undervirilized external genitalia that may be female-like or(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Mutations in the androgen receptor (AR) gene result in an X-linked recessive form of male pseudohermaphroditism known as the androgen-insensitivity syndrome (AIS). The alterations most frequently observed are missense or nonsense point mutations in exons 4-8 of the AR gene that affect the steroid-binding domain of the receptor in subjects(More)
Androgen insensitivy syndrome (AIS) is the most frequent cause of male pseudohermaphroditism resulting from target-organ resistance to androgen action. Individuals bearing the complete form of the disease (CAIS) present a female phenotype and a lack of pubic and axillary hair. In the present study, four 46,XY patients born in two generations from a kindred(More)
7α-methyl-19-nortestosterone (MENT) is an androgen with potent gonadotropin inhibitory activity and prostate-sparing effects. These attributes give MENT advantages over testosterone as a male contraceptive, but, as in the case of testosterone, a partial dose-dependent suppression of spermatogenesis has been observed. Combination of testosterone or MENT with(More)
Orphan nuclear receptor steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1) is crucial for development and function of steroidogenic organs. The steroidogenic factor-2 (SF-2) is an essential factor involved in cholesterol transfer and activation of promoters of steroidogenic enzymes CYP11A1, CYP17 and Steroidogenic Acute Regulatory Protein (StAR). We have previously demonstrated(More)
In hamsters, the Harderian glands (HGs) exhibit a marked sexual dimorphism which is thought to depend on dihydrotestosterone (DHT); however, it is unclear whether hamster HGs contain one or more 5 alpha-reductases and whether these enzymes are differentially expressed in males and females. In this study, we isolated specific cDNAs for 5 alpha-reductase 1(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of the 4 gene transcripts, steroidogenic factors 1 (SF-1) and 2 (SF-2), steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR), and cytochrome P450 11A1, involved in the synthesis of steroid hormones in normal human pancreas. METHODS Total RNA was extracted from normal male (n = 5) and female (n = 5)(More)