Berta Moreno

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BACKGROUND There is evidence that the prevalence of common mental disorders varies across Europe. AIMS To compare prevalence of common mental disorders in general practice attendees in six European countries. METHOD Unselected attendees to general practices in the UK, Spain, Portugal, Slovenia, Estonia and The Netherlands were assessed for major(More)
Previous reports and meta-analyses have yielded inconclusive results as to whether the s/s genotype at the 5-HTTLPR serotonin transporter polymorphism confers increased risk for depression. We tested the association between s/s genotype and depression in a large cohort (n = 737) of Spanish primary care consecutive attendees participating in a European study(More)
CONTEXT Strategies for prevention of depression are hindered by lack of evidence about the combined predictive effect of known risk factors. OBJECTIVES To develop a risk algorithm for onset of major depression. DESIGN Cohort of adult general practice attendees followed up at 6 and 12 months. We measured 39 known risk factors to construct a risk model(More)
Obesity is a health problem affecting an important proportion of the Spanish population. Overweight is more common among men than women whereas, obesity is more prevalent among women. The most recent data (2001) from self-reported weight and height measurements of a Spanish representative sample (21120 subjects) revealed that the overall obesity prevalence(More)
BACKGROUND Serotonin 1-A receptors are key regulators of serotonin activity and their dysregulation might be implicated in the emergence of both major depression (MD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Previous studies have yielded inconclusive results as to whether the 5-HT1A receptor gene (HTR1A) has a role in the aetiology of MD and no study up to(More)
AIMS This study sets out to explore the use flow of mental health services by a cohort of patients with schizophrenia located in Granada (Spain). METHODS All cases (N = 844) included in the analysis were users of the community mental healthcare public service provided in the area. The Markov chain model was used to calculate the probability of transition(More)
We report results from the PREDICT-Gene case-control study nested in a prospective cohort designed to identify predictors of the onset of depression among adult primary-care attendees. We tested the potential gene-by-environment interaction between 5HTTLPR genotype at the serotonin transporter gene and previous exposure to threatening life events (TLEs) in(More)
BACKGROUND Few data exist on the psychosocial factors associated with attrition in longitudinal surveys. This study was undertaken to determine psychosocial and sociodemographic predictors of attrition from a longitudinal study of the onset and persistence of episodes of major depression in primary care. METHODS A systematic random sample of general(More)
Obesity is considered a major Public Health issue in most developed countries nowadays for its wide spread across population groups, as well as its contribution to the development of chronic diseases, particularly cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. Available population data in Spain from the SEEDO'2000 study show a prevalence of obesity (BMI > or = 30(More)
The geographical distribution of mental health disorders is useful information for epidemiological research and health services planning. To determine the existence of geographical hotspots with a high prevalence of schizophrenia in a mental health area in Spain. The study included 774 patients with schizophrenia who were users of the community mental(More)