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We evaluated the prognostic significance of p185c-erbB-2 expression and ras gene mutations in all patients diagnosed with a pulmonary adenocarcinoma between 1982 and 1985 at the University of Iowa. p185c-erbB-2 expression was detected in 15 cases (34%). A ras gene mutation was found in 16 cases (36%) and all were in codon-12 of K-ras. No N-ras mutations(More)
Detection of tumor cells in blood and bone marrow is increasingly used for the staging of patients with breast cancer and to evaluate the presence of tumor cells in peripheral blood progenitor cell collections to be used after high–dose therapy. We evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of three different methods for detection of tumor cells among(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether the clinical course and the response to chemotherapy of patients with advanced adenocarcinoma of the lung depends on the presence or absence of a ras mutation in the tumor. Mutational activation of K-ras is a strong adverse prognostic factor in stage I or II lung cancer and laboratory studies have suggested that ras mutations(More)
The diagnostic value of monitoring human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) late pp67 mRNA expression by nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA) after renal-allograft transplantation was evaluated. RNAs were isolated from 489 whole-blood specimens of 42 patients for the specific amplification of the late pp67 (UL65) mRNA. NASBA results were compared to(More)
DNA samples from 53 unrelated Dutch patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) were screened for rearrangements in the gene for the LDL receptor (LDLR) by Southern analysis. Four different mutations have been detected by hybridisation of BglII digested genomic DNA with an exon 10-14 containing cDNA probe. The mutations are defined by a 7 kb insertion(More)
Recently, conflicting results have been reported on the incidence of RAS mutations in primary testicular germ cell tumors of adults (TGCTs). In four studies a low incidence of mutations (less than 15%) in a variety of TGCTs or derived cell lines was found, whereas in two other studies a high incidence of N- or KRAS mutations (over 40%) was shown. A total of(More)
Three germline mutations in the TP53 tumor-suppressor gene are reported, two of which are not reported previously. A missense mutation at codon 265 of TP53 was found in three patients of a family that complied with the definition of the Li-Fraumeni syndrome. A nonsense mutation in codon 306 was found in a woman who had had a rhabdomyosarcoma at age 4 and a(More)
Tonsillar squamous cell carcinomas (a total of 14) were examined both for the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA and for p53 alterations. General primer-mediated HPV polymerase chain reaction (GP-PCR) revealed the presence of HPV DNA in 12/14 cases. Subsequent typing by HPV type-specific PCR and sequence or hybridization analysis of GP-PCR products(More)
A mutation of the LDL receptor gene very common among Finnish patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) was identified. This mutation, designated as FH-North Karelia, deletes seven nucleotides from exon 6 of the LDL receptor gene, causes a translational frameshift, and is predicted to result in a truncated receptor protein. Only minute(More)
We have applied the polymerase chain reaction to detect differences in relative amount of allele-specific transcripts of the low density lipoprotein receptor gene in individuals with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). This method is based on detection of loss of heterozygosity of exon-specific restriction fragment length polymorphisms present(More)