Bert Schutte

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A neo-epitope in cytokeratin 18 (CK18) that becomes available at an early caspase cleavage event during apoptosis and is not detectable in vital epithelial cells is characterized. The monoclonal antibody M30, specific for this site, can be utilized specifically to recognize apoptotic cells, which show cytoplasmic cytokeratin filaments and aggregates after(More)
Apoptosis is a programmed, physiological mode of cell death that plays an important role in tissue homeostasis. Understanding of the basic mechanisms that underlie apoptosis will point to potentially new targets of therapeutic treatment of diseases that show an imbalance between cell proliferation and cell loss. In order to conduct such research, techniques(More)
This study reveals the peculiar in vivo cell kinetics and cell turnover of the marine sponge Halisarca caerulea under steady-state conditions. The tropical coral reef sponge shows an extremely high proliferation activity, a short cell cycle duration and massive cell shedding. Cell turnover is predominantly confined to a single cell population, i.e. the(More)
Early during the process of apoptosis, cells lose their phospholipid membrane asymmetry and expose phosphatidylserine (PS) at the cell surface while maintaining their plasma membrane integrity intact. This process can be monitored for suspended cell types by using annexin V-FITC, which is a Ca(2+)-dependent, phospholipid-binding protein with high affinity(More)
Monoclonal antibodies that specifically recognize caspase cleaved K18 fragments or specific (phospho)epitopes on intact K8 and K18 were used for a detailed investigation of the temporal and causal relationship of proteolysis and phosphorylation in the collapse of the keratin cytoskeleton during apoptosis. Caspases involved in the specific proteolysis of(More)
We have used naphthol-ASMX-phosphate and Fast Red TR in combination with alkaline phosphatase (APase) to produce fluorescent precipitated reaction products in a non-radioactive in situ hybridization (ISH) method. To obtain optimal and discrete localization of the strongly red fluorescent ISH signals, the enzyme precipitation procedure was optimized. The(More)
We investigated the influence of various fixatives on monoclonal anti-BrdUrd antibody binding of BrdUrd-substituted DNA in tissue sections of routinely processed mouse small intestine after in vivo administration of BrdUrd. For denaturing fixatives such as ethanol or Carnoy's fluid, a standard denaturation protocol showed specific crypt cell labeling. With(More)
Immunohistochemistry of the S phase related proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was studied as an alternative to ex-vivo bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) immunohistochemistry for assessment of human colonic cell proliferation. From 16 subjects without colonic disease biopsy specimens were collected from five different sites along the colorectum and processed(More)
We describe a rapid and reliable method to quantitate the extent of apoptosis in neuronal cell cultures. Based on their annexin V-affinity, resulting from phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure at the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane, apoptotic cells can be distinguished from annexin V-negative living cells, by using microscopic and flow cytometric(More)
In order to study the interaction between tumors and host environmental factors, we xenografted cells from the human colonic carcinoma cell lines HT29 and 5583-S in the subcutis, cecum, spleen and liver of nude mice and compared growth characteristics, metastatic potential and some phenotypic features of the xenografts in these sites. No remarkable(More)