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Apoptosis is a programmed, physiological mode of cell death that plays an important role in tissue homeostasis. Understanding of the basic mechanisms that underlie apoptosis will point to potentially new targets of therapeutic treatment of diseases that show an imbalance between cell proliferation and cell loss. In order to conduct such research, techniques(More)
A neo-epitope in cytokeratin 18 (CK18) that becomes available at an early caspase cleavage event during apoptosis and is not detectable in vital epithelial cells is characterized. The monoclonal antibody M30, specific for this site, can be utilized specifically to recognize apoptotic cells, which show cytoplasmic cytokeratin filaments and aggregates after(More)
Monoclonal antibodies that specifically recognize caspase cleaved K18 fragments or specific (phospho)epitopes on intact K8 and K18 were used for a detailed investigation of the temporal and causal relationship of proteolysis and phosphorylation in the collapse of the keratin cytoskeleton during apoptosis. Caspases involved in the specific proteolysis of(More)
A new staining protocol is described for the immunocytochemical detection of BrdUrd labeled nuclei. Pepsin treatment of ethanol fixed cells or tissue, followed by DNA denaturation at low pH, resulted in increased sensitivity of BrdUrd staining comparable to the thermal denaturation protocol, and decreased background binding. This technique is applicable to(More)
We investigated the influence of various fixatives on monoclonal anti-BrdUrd antibody binding of BrdUrd-substituted DNA in tissue sections of routinely processed mouse small intestine after in vivo administration of BrdUrd. For denaturing fixatives such as ethanol or Carnoy's fluid, a standard denaturation protocol showed specific crypt cell labeling. With(More)
We developed a rapid and convenient immunocytochemical method for simultaneous detection of antigen expression and S-phase cells by means of anti-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd) antibodies. Immunocytochemical detection of BrdUrd after in vivo administration in mice was compared with autoradiography using [3H]-BrdUrd. Both the sensitivity and specificity of the(More)
During apoptosis, one of the first membrane changes that can be detected is exposure of phosphatidylserine residues at the outer plasma membrane leaflet, while early apoptosis is also accompanied by changes in the cytoskeletal organization. In this study we investigated the relationship between these two phenomena during olomoucine- and roscovitin-induced(More)
Early during the process of apoptosis, cells lose their phospholipid membrane asymmetry and expose phosphatidylserine (PS) at the cell surface while maintaining their plasma membrane integrity intact. This process can be monitored for suspended cell types by using annexin V-FITC, which is a Ca(2+)-dependent, phospholipid-binding protein with high affinity(More)
We describe a rapid and reliable method to quantitate the extent of apoptosis in neuronal cell cultures. Based on their annexin V-affinity, resulting from phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure at the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane, apoptotic cells can be distinguished from annexin V-negative living cells, by using microscopic and flow cytometric(More)
The effect of the cyclin-dependent (CDK) inhibitors olomoucine and roscovitine on cell kinetics was studied. To this end, nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell line MR65 and neuroblastoma cell line CHP-212 were pulse labeled with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd) and chased in culture medium, to which various concentrations of olomoucine or roscovitine were(More)