Bert L. Vallee

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The value of exotic germplasm in broadening the genetic base of most crops has been demonstrated many times. However, the difficulties involved in working with exotic germplasm have limited their utility in plant breeding. Unwanted linkages often thwart the successful incorporation of beneficial exotic genes into commercial lines. Thus, the use of exotics(More)
Thionein (T) has not been isolated previously from biological material. However, it is generated transiently in situ by removal of zinc from metallothionein under oxidoreductive conditions, particularly in the presence of selenium compounds. T very rapidly activates a group of enzymes in which zinc is bound at an inhibitory site. The reaction is selective,(More)
The first human tumor derived protein with in vivo angiogenic activity to be obtained in pure form has been isolated from serum-free supernatants of an established human adenocarcinoma cell line (HT-29) and named angiogenin. It was purified by cation-exchange and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography; the yield was approximately 0.5(More)
Angiogenin stimulates both [3H]thymidine incorporation and proliferation of human endothelial cells in sparse cultures. Under these conditions, a 170-kDa cell surface protein can be detected that binds angiogenin specifically. Angiogenin-stimulated cell growth is concentration-dependent and is completely inhibited by an anti-angiogenin monoclonal antibody,(More)
We postulate a novel and general mechanism in which the redox-active sulfur donor group of cyst(e)ine confers oxidoreductive characteristics on stable zinc sites in proteins. Thus, the present, an earlier, and accompanying manuscripts [Maret, W., Larsen, K. S. & Vallee, B. L. (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 2233-2237; Jiang, L.-J., Maret, W. & Vallee,(More)
Human liver class III alcohol dehydrogenase (chi chi-ADH) and glutathione dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase are the same enzyme. The enzyme, chi chi-ADH, exhibits a kcat of 200 min-1 and a km of 4 microM for the oxidation of formaldehyde, but only in the presence of GSH. In the absence of GSH the enzyme is essentially inactive toward formaldehyde but(More)