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BACKGROUND Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) is an echocardiographic measurement to assess right ventricular systolic function in adults. The aim of this study was to determine growth-related changes in TAPSE to establish references values. METHODS A prospective study was conducted in a group of 640 healthy pediatric patients (age range,(More)
BACKGROUND Longitudinal myocardial function has gained more interest in the last years. The mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE) is an echocardiographic measurement to assess left ventricular (LV) long-axis function in adults. The aim of this study was to evaluate MAPSE values in a healthy pediatric population and to propose reference values. (More)
BACKGROUND In contrast to the adult age group epidemiologic studies on congestive heart failure (CHF) in infancy and childhood are lacking. METHODS Retrospective study of all patients admitted to the University Children's Hospital Essen, Germany, between 1989 and 1998 with the ICD 9 code for congenital and acquired heart diseases, cardiomyopathies,(More)
AIM To identify patients with visceral heterotaxy who are at risk from fulminant sepsis. METHODS We studied 38 patients, 37 having undergone abdominal ultrasound, all 38 having examination of blood films to establish presence of Howell-Jolly bodies, and all 38 documented to have had pneumococcal vaccination and prophylaxis with penicillin. We checked(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated the effects of the site of ventricular pacing on left ventricular (LV) synchrony and function in children requiring permanent pacing. METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred seventy-eight children (aged <18 years) from 21 centers with atrioventricular block and a structurally normal heart undergoing permanent pacing were studied(More)
In Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), short stature is a feature of unknown cause. This cross-sectional study of 34 male patients (mean age 8.0 y, age range 1.2-13.7 y) was conducted to examine the relationship between auxological parameters, markers of growth and the extent of muscular weakness. Weight and length at birth (SDS +/- SD; 0.0 +/- 1.2; 0.2 +/-(More)
BACKGROUND The tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) is an echocardiographic measurement to assess right ventricular systolic function in adults and children. OBJECTIVE We determined growth- and birth weight-related changes of TAPSE to establish reference values in preterm and term neonates. METHODS A prospective study was conducted in a(More)
Determination of right ventricular (RV) size and function has gained more interest in recent years in adults and children, especially in patients with congenital heart disease. Data on normal RV size parameters in children are scant. The aim of this study was to investigate growth-related changes in RV internal dimensions in a healthy pediatric cohort and(More)
UNLABELLED In order to validate an association between pituitary size and severity of growth hormone deficiency (GHD) we evaluated the magnetic resonance images (MRI) of 107 children with different causes of short stature. Ninety-one MRIs were evaluable (64 male, 27 female; age: 9.1 +/- 3.9 years). The levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and(More)
Aim of this prospective study was to evaluate longitudinal systolic left ventricular (LV)-right ventricular (RV) interaction using M-mode compared to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data in 146 pediatric and adults with operated tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). We determined biventricular measures of longitudinal M-mode echocardiography [i.e., tricuspid annular(More)