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Sequences of positions for the placing of the positive stimulus in a 2-choice visual discrimination task as constructed by Gellerman are examined by means of a hypothesis-analysis technique and are found to be unsatisfactory on 2 counts: (a) They fail to ensure that no position hypothesis will produce other than chance performance on the learning curve, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for interventional techniques in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic spinal pain. METHODOLOGY Systematic assessment of the literature. EVIDENCE I. Lumbar Spine • The evidence for accuracy of diagnostic selective nerve root blocks is limited; whereas for lumbar provocation discography,(More)
The treatment of chronic pain, therapeutic opioid use and abuse, and the nonmedical use of prescription drugs have been topics of intense focus and debate. After the liberalization of laws governing opioid prescribing for the treatment of chronic non-cancer pain by state medical boards in the late 1990s, and with the introduction of new pain management(More)
This prospective study was designed to determine the prevalence of lumbar facet joint pain in a consecutive series of patients with chronic low back pain treated at an interventional, multidisciplinary private pain management practice utilizing double diagnostic blocks, to determine the prevalence of false positive rate of uncontrolled facet joint blocks,(More)
BACKGROUND Opioid abuse has continued to increase at an alarming rate since the 1990 s. As documented by different medical specialties, medical boards, advocacy groups, and the Drug Enforcement Administration, available evidence suggests a wide variance in chronic opioid therapy of 90 days or longer in chronic non-cancer pain. Part 1 describes evidence(More)
Facet joints, as a source of low back pain, have attracted considerable attention and been a source of controversy in recent years. Significant progress has been made in precision diagnosis of chronic low back pain with neural blockade. In the face of less than optimal diagnostic information offered by imaging and neurophysiologic studies, and in the face(More)
BACKGROUND Even though opioids have been used for pain for thousands of years, opioid therapy for chronic non-cancer pain is controversial due to concerns regarding the long-term effectiveness and safety, particularly the risk of tolerance, dependance, or abuse. While the debate continues, the use of chronic opioid therapy for chronic non-cancer pain has(More)
BACKGROUND Comprehensive, evidence-based guidelines for interventional techniques in the management of chronic spinal pain are described here to provide recommendations for clinicians. OBJECTIVE To develop evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for interventional techniques in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic spinal pain. DESIGN Systematic(More)