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By combining genome-wide association data from 8,130 individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and 38,987 controls of European descent and following up previously unidentified meta-analysis signals in a further 34,412 cases and 59,925 controls, we identified 12 new T2D association signals with combined P<5x10(-8). These include a second independent signal at(More)
Diabetes mellitus is a common metabolic disorder associated with chronic complications such as nephropathy, angiopathy, retinopathy and peripheral neuropathy. Diabetes is not often considered to have deleterious effects on the brain. However, long-term diabetes results in a variety of subtle cerebral disorders, which occur more frequently than is commonly(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the prevalence of and risk factors for asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) in women with and without diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 636 nonpregnant women with diabetes (type 1 and type 2) who were 18-75 years of age and had no abnormalities of the urinary tract, and 153 women without diabetes who were visiting the eye and(More)
We describe a series of twelve patients with a psoas abscess seen in a three-year period in a university hospital and a large teaching hospital in the Netherlands. In our series, five of the 12 patients had a primary psoas abscess. The predisposing conditions were intravenous drug use, diabetes mellitus, prostate carcinoma and haematoma in the psoas muscle(More)
A major side effect of cisplatin treatment is peripheral neuropathy. In the past few years we have provided evidence that the ACTH4–9 analogue ORG 2766 provides protection against this neuropathy in rats and man. In this study we investigated the development of a cisplatin-induced neuropathy and the protective and therapeutic actions of ORG 2766 in mature(More)
Oxidative stress supposedly plays a role in the pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy. We have studied whether a variation in the streptozotocin (STZ) dose or diabetes duration affects the outcome of measurements of oxidative damage in relation to nerve conduction. In experiment 1, we induced diabetes in rats using 40 or 60 mg/kg STZ intravenously and(More)
Radioiodine (131I) is increasingly used as treatment for volume reduction of nontoxic, nodular goiter. A high dose of 131I is often needed because of low thyroid radioiodide uptake (RAIU). We investigated whether pretreatment with a single, low dose of recombinant human TSH (rhTSH; Thyrogen, Genzyme Transgenics Corp.) enhances RAIU in 15 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the change in lipids and insulin sensitivity in 10 obese type II diabetic patients after treatment with benfluorex or placebo for 2 wk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The study had a double-blind, cross-over design. Insulin sensitivity was measured with the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic glucose clamp technique at two different insulin(More)
It has been shown that parameters of oxidative stress are increased in experimental diabetic neuropathy. The glutathione redox system is one of the intracellular scavenger systems for neutralizing free oxygen radicals. In this investigation we studied the effect of glutathione-treatment on the development of diabetic neuropathy in streptozotocin-induced(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Blood glucose concentration has been shown to be an important factor in gastric motility. However, the effect of hyperglycemia on gastric myoelectrical activity has not yet been studied in patients with diabetes. METHODS Surface electrogastrography was performed in eight patients with type I diabetes mellitus under normoglycemic and(More)