Bert-Åke Näslund

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Regeneration of native woody species was studied in the plantations and the adjacent natural forest at Munessa-Shashemene Forest Project Area, Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that tree plantations foster regeneration of native woody species. A total of 60 plots, having 10 × 10 m area each, were studied in monoculture plantations of(More)
In safety assessments of nuclear facilities, a wide range of radioactive isotopes and their potential hazard to a large assortment of organisms and ecosystem types over long time scales need to be considered. Models used for these purposes have typically employed approaches based on generic reference organisms, stylised environments and transfer functions(More)
A quantitative assessment of the levels of cytochromes P-450 b and P-450 c in the brains and pituitary glands of untreated and beta-naphthoflavone (BNF)-pretreated rats was made with polyclonal antibodies raised against hepatic P-450 b and c and the sensitive fluorometric assay of P-450 catalytic activity, namely, the O-deethylation of ethoxycoumarin (ETC).(More)
Intraperitoneal administration of chloramphenicol (100 mg/kg) to phenobarbital-treated rats causes 50% inhibition of liver microsomal 7-ethoxycoumarin and 1,1,2,2 tetrachloroethane metabolism but has no effect on the level of cytochrome P-450 detectable as its carbon monoxide complex or on the NADPH-cytochrome c reductase (EC activity. Both the(More)
A semiautomatic luminometric method for determination of small amounts of free fatty acids (FFA) released from human adipocytes in vitro is described. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) is used as acceptor of free fatty acids in the incubation medium of isolated fat cells. The assay involves pretreatment with the detergent sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) to liberate(More)
The effects of insulin deprivation and replacement on adipose tissue metabolism were investigated in vivo with microdialysis in nine insulin-dependent diabetic patients with no residual insulin secretion. Dialysis probes, implanted in abdominal subcutaneous fat, were continuously perfused, and tissue dialysate concentrations of glycerol (lipolysis index),(More)
An automatic, luminometric assay of glucose in samples of the extracellular water space obtained by microdialysis is described. The assay involves oxidation by glucose oxidase (EC and mutarotation of glucose by aldose mutarotase (EC The H2O2 formed is subsequently determined in a reaction catalyzed by horseradish peroxidase (EC
An automatic enzyme kinetic luminometric method for determination of small quantities of urea in biological fluids and in microdialysates is presented. The method is based on the ATP-hydrolyzing urease reaction [urea amidohydrolase (ATP-hydrolyzing); EC], monitored by a luciferin-luciferase ATP reaction. The assay range is 100 pmol to 50 nmol with(More)
A sensitive, specific, and partly automatic method for the analysis of free fatty acids is described. The assay involves activation of free fatty acids by acyl-CoA synthetase (EC followed by oxidation of the thioesters by acyl-CoA oxidase. The H2O2 formed is determined in a reaction catalysed by horseradish peroxidase (EC using luminol as(More)