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Particle flowability and compactibility are the two critical process parameters tested when a pharmaceutical material is formulated for a tabletting process. These behavioral descriptions are strongly affected by geometrical, physical, chemical and mechanical particle properties, as well as operational conditions. The property influences are broadly known(More)
The T-sensor is a recently developed microfluidic chemical measurement device that exploits the low Reynolds number flow conditions in microfabricated channels. The interdiffusion and resulting chemical interaction of components from two or more input fluid streams can be monitored optically, allowing measurement of analyte concentrations on a continuous(More)
The developing world does not have access to many of the best medical diagnostic technologies; they were designed for air-conditioned laboratories, refrigerated storage of chemicals, a constant supply of calibrators and reagents, stable electrical power, highly trained personnel and rapid transportation of samples. Microfluidic systems allow miniaturization(More)
We have developed a rapid diffusion immunoassay that allows measurement of small molecules down to subnanomolar concentrations in <1 min. This competitive assay is based on measuring the distribution of a labeled probe molecule after it diffuses for a short time from one region into another region containing antigen-specific antibodies. The assay was(More)
BACKGROUND Molecular assays targeted to nucleic acid (NA) markers are becoming increasingly important to medical diagnostics. However, these are typically confined to wealthy, developed countries; or, to the national reference laboratories of developing-world countries. There are many infectious diseases that are endemic in low-resource settings (LRS) where(More)
In many health care settings, it is uneconomical, impractical, or unaffordable to maintain and access a fully equipped diagnostics laboratory. Examples include home health care, developing-country health care, and emergency situations in which first responders are dealing with pandemics or biowarfare agent release. In those settings, fully disposable(More)
An atomic force microscope (AFM) has been used to quantify the adhesion of living cells Saccharomyces cerevisiae on three different silica surfaces with defined roughness. The effects of support roughness on the adhesion forces of a smooth silica particle were studied in addition. A living single cell was immobilized at the apex of a tipless AFM cantilever(More)
RNA remains the most informative and accurate biomarker for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 load diagnostics and for surveillance of drug resistance markers. Viral load testing by nucleic acid amplification currently is a complex and expensive test that is restricted to centralized laboratory testing. Successful extension of centralized viral load(More)
We have achieved the first complete, non-instrumented nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) using a calcium oxide heat source thermally linked to an engineered phase change material. These two components alone maintain a thermal profile suitable for the loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay. Starting with computational fluid dynamics analysis, we(More)
BACKGROUND To date, the use of traditional nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT) for detection of HIV-1 DNA or RNA has been restricted to laboratory settings due to time, equipment, and technical expertise requirements. The availability of a rapid NAAT with applicability for resource-limited or point-of-care (POC) settings would fill a great need in HIV(More)