Learn More
Five novel extracellular metabolites with an unprecedented diterpenoid skeleton, 5-[(5-carboxy-2-hydroxy)benzyl]-11-hydroxymethyl-2,5,6,8a, 11-pentamethyldodecahydrocyclopenta<a>naphthalene (1), 5-[(5-carboxy-2-hydroxy)benzyl]-11-formyl-2,5,6,8a, 11-pentamethyl-dodecahydrocyclopenta<a>naphthalene (2), 5-[(5-carboxy-2-hydroxy)benzyl]-11-carboxy-2,5,6,8a,(More)
1. Myotis myotis was trained to discriminate a plate with 8 mm deep holes from plates of stepwise varied hole depth. Depth differences in the two plates equal or larger than 1 mm were discriminated by the echolocating bat (Fig. 3). 2. In a second series of experiments a plate with 4 mm deep holes was discriminated from other plates with hole depth(More)
Two new hydrolyzable tannins, isoterchebulin (1) and 4,6-O-isoterchebuloyl-D-glucose (2), together with six known tannins, 3-8, were isolated from the bark of Terminalia macroptera. Their structures were elucidated by extensive 1D and 2D NMR studies, MS, and chemical transformations. Biological activities of all compounds were evaluated against the snail(More)
Deoxynivalenol (DON) is a trichothecene secondary metabolite produced by Fusarium species infecting cereal crops. As a mycotoxin, DON causes losses in livestock production and poses a health risk to humans consuming contaminated cereal products. DON also acts as a virulence factor, facilitating the colonization of host plants by Fusarium spp. Enzymatic(More)
The corrinoids synthesized by the sulfate-reducing bacterium Desulfovibrio vulgaris were analyzed. The compounds found were guanylcobamide and hypoxanthylcobamide; structures were determined by mass spectrometry, 1H-NMR, and ultraviolet/visible spectroscopy. D. vulgaris used externally added guanine to form guanylcobamide, as demonstrated with(More)
Peanuts are consumed mostly as processed products. Although the effect of processing on isoflavone composition of legumes has been extensively studied, there has been no such study on peanuts. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of processing (boiling, oil- and dry-roasting) on the phytochemical composition of peanuts. Boiling had a(More)
The crude dichloromethane extract from the stem bark of Cupania glabra (Sapindaceae), showed in vitro cytotoxic activity against Hep G2, MDA-MB-231, Hs 578T, MCF-7, and PC-3 cells, and antibacterial activity against Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli. Bioactivity-directed fractionation led to isolation of the new(More)
The crude dichloromethane bark extract of Salacia petenensis (Hippocrateaceae) from Monteverde, Costa Rica, shows antibacterial and cytotoxic activity. Bioactivity-directed separation led to the isolation of tingenone and netzahualcoyonol as the biologically active materials. Also isolated from the extract were 3-methoxyfriedel-2-en-1-one (a new natural(More)
Artemisia douglasiana leaf has been shown to be efficacious complementary herbal treatment for chronic bladder infection in a paraplegic youth. The leaf oil has been analyzed by GC-MS and the major components found to be camphor (29%), artemisia ketone (26%), artemisia alcohol (13%), alpha-thujone (10%), 1,8-cineole (8%), and hexanal (5%). The leaf oil and(More)