Guidelines are given to assist the standardisation of DNA flow cytometry in clinical pathology. They have been agreed by a group of twelve scientists from nine European countries.
AIMS To determine the sensitivity and specificity of flow- and image-cytometry for the detection of DNA-aneuploidy as a marker for malignant cells in effusions. METHODS 200 effusions (80 tumor cell-positive, 74 negative and 46 cytologically equivocal) were stained with DAPI-SR for DNA-flow- and with Feulgen-Pararosaniline for -image-cytometry. They were… (More)
The cytosolic thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) is one of the enzymes involved in DNA replication. Based on biochemical studies, TK1 is activated at late G1 of cell cycle, and its activity correlates with the cell proliferation. We have developed a polyclonal anti-TK1 antibody against a synthetic peptide from the C-terminus of human TK1. Using this antibody, here we… (More)
A small but not insignificant number of patients experience a prolonged survival after treatment of metastatic soft tissue sarcoma. This must be weighed against the majority of the patients who benefit little from the therapy, but nevertheless experience its side-effects. It would therefore be of utmost importance to be able to screen for those patients who… (More)
BACKGROUND The progression of normal cells through the cell cycle is meticulously regulated by checkpoints guaranteeing the exact replication of the genome during S-phase and its equal division at mitosis. A prerequisite for this achievement is synchronized DNA-replication and centrosome duplication. In this context the expression of cyclins A and E has… (More)
BACKGROUND Heterogeneity of prostate carcinoma is one of the reasons for pretreatment underestimation of tumor aggressiveness. We studied tumor heterogeneity and the probability of finding the highest tumor grade and DNA aneuploidy with relation to the number of biopsies. MATERIAL AND METHODS Specimens simulating core biopsies from five randomly selected… (More)
The sera of 17 patients with acute or chronic schizophrenia were tested for antibodies to a human brain extract or to Molt cells; a human T-cell line, with negative results. The level of in vivo lymphocyte stimulation was investigated by determination of the proportion of peripheral blood lymphocytes in the G1, S or G2 + M phases of the cell cycle and by… (More)
Immunohistochemically determined Ki-67 scores and flow cytometrically determined S-phase fractions were successfully evaluated from the primary tumours of 123 patients with soft-tissue sarcoma. All patients had either limb or superficial trunk tumours. Ki-67 score correlated strongly with ploidy, S-phase fraction and grade. Ki-67 did not correlate with the… (More)
Gallstones are a risk factor for the development of gallbladder cancer. We studied DNA ploidy and cell cycle composition by flow cytometry in archival specimens from 52 gall bladder carcinomas in relation to histopathological grade, tumour stage, gallstone number and survival. 69% of the gallbladder carcinomas showed aneuploidy. All tumours with single… (More)
A significant correlation (r = -0.48) was found between the logarithm of the S-phase fraction of the primary tumour (SPF) and the logarithm of the doubling time of lung metastases (T2). The estimated median cell loss factor was 88% (range 35-99%).