Bernhard Stadler

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Exotic insect pests may strongly disrupt forest ecosystems and trigger major shifts in nutrient cycling, structure, and composition. We examined the relationship between these diverse effects for the hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA, Adelges tsugae Annand) in New England forests by studying its impacts on local canopy processes in stands differing in infestation(More)
Phytophagous insects can have severe impacts on forested ecosystems in outbreak situations but their contribution to flows of energy and matter is otherwise not so well known. Identifying the role of phytophagous insects in forested ecosystems is partly hindered by the difficulty of combining results from population and community ecology with those from(More)
The hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA, Adelges tsugae Annand) is currently causing a severe decline in vitality and survival of eastern hemlock in North American forests. We analyzed the effects of light HWA infestation on vertical energy and nutrient fluxes from the canopy to the forest floor. Canopy throughfall, litter lysimeters, and laboratory litter(More)
Mutualists can affect many life history traits of their partners, but it is unclear how this translates into population dynamics of the latter. Ant–aphid associations are ideal for studying this question, as ants affect aphids, both positively (e.g., protection against natural enemies) and negatively (e.g., reduction of potential growth rates). The(More)
Ants are a major environmental factor for many insect species. For example, aphids and lycaenids have evolved an array of associations with ants ranging from obligate myrmecophily to the avoidance of contact. Here we (1) analyze the predictive power of different ecological and morphological traits for explaining the strength of the association between ants(More)
The community composition of epiphytic heterotrophic bacteria on leaves of beech and oak, which were either damaged by lepidopterous larvae or remained undamaged, was investigated. In addition, the ability of these bacteria to utilize inorganic nitrogen was studied. The bacteria were isolated on nutrient agar and systematically identified with biochemical(More)
The need to allocate a limited amount of energy between different life-history traits is a fundamental assumption in life-history theory. However, it has often turned out to be extremely difficult to measure the competing processes that contribute to costs or benefits for individual organisms. The present investigation begins by analysing how an aphid(More)
The effect of reductants, complexants, and nitrite eliminators on the flow-analysis determination of weak-acid-dissociable and total cyanide has been studied for: 1. cyanide recovery from copper, nickel, and iron complexes; 2. cyanide generation from the reagents in the presence of common interferents; and 3. cyanide consumption by the reagents in the(More)
Fluxes of nutrients, energy and ions through forest canopies are spatially and temporally highly heterogeneous and good modelling tools are needed to separate different influential variables. Two important factors affecting the variation in the throughfall fluxes are the amount of precipitation and phytophagous insects in the canopy. In spite of their large(More)
Aphids of the genus Cinara, feeding on Norway spruce, excrete copious amounts of honeydew, a carbon-rich waste product, which accumulates locally on needles and twigs. We investigated the role of honeydew as a potential source of energy which might promote the growth of micro-organisms in the phyllosphere of conifer trees. To approach this question, we(More)