Bernhard Sperker

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OBJECTIVE Thyroid function alters the pharmacokinetics of many drugs; one example is the cardiac glycoside digoxin. Because digoxin disposition is affected by intestinal expression of P-glycoprotein, we hypothesized that thyroid hormones may regulate P-glycoprotein and influence disposition of P-glycoprotein substrates. METHODS Duodenal expression of(More)
Elucidation of the mechanism enabling tumor selective PMT in vivo with appropriate glucuronyl-spacer-doxorubicin prodrugs, such as HMR 1826, is important for the design of clinical studies, as well as for the development of more selective drugs. Enzyme histochemistry, immunohistochemistry, and the terminal deoxytransferase technique were applied using human(More)
Lack of tumor selectivity is a severe limitation of cancer chemotherapy. Consequently, reducing dose-limiting organ toxicities such as the cardiac toxicity of doxorubicin (Dox) is of major clinical relevance. Approaches that would facilitate a more tumor-selective anticancer therapy by using nontoxic prodrugs that are converted to active anticancer agents(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the human multidrug-resistance gene in wobble position of exon 26 reportedly predicts expression and function of P-glycoprotein in human enterocytes and lymphocytes. Several other allelic variants of MDR1 have been identified, some of which lead to amino acid exchange with as yet unknown(More)
ABC-type transport proteins, such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp), modify intracellular concentrations of many substrate compounds. They serve as functional barriers against entry of xenobiotics (e.g., in the gut or the blood-brain barrier) or contribute to drug excretion. Expression of transport proteins in the heart could be an important factor modifying cardiac(More)
Glucuronides of drugs often accumulate during long term therapy. The hydrolysis of glucuronides can be catalysed by beta-glucuronidase, an enzyme expressed in many tissues and body fluids in humans. The possible contribution of beta-glucuronidase to drug disposition in humans has not been assessed in a systematic manner, but this enzyme may be able to(More)
Glucuronidation of drugs represents a major pathway of human drug metabolism. Numerous studies show that the glucuronides formed can accumulate during chronic therapy and/or have direct pharmacological activity. In both cases, cleavage of the glucuronide by human b-glucuronidase (b-Gluc) would release the parent compound, thereby modifying drug disposition.(More)
Apparently two forms of beta-galactosidase (beta-GAL) in cells or tissue sections can be detected by enzyme histochemical staining (X-GAL). Using a sensitive and specific HPLC method we have determined the pH dependent activity of beta-GAL in cell lines of lung carcinoma (A549), colon carcinoma (Caco2-TC7), promyelocytic leukemia (HL60), hepatoma (HepG2)(More)
Improvement of non-surgical strategies is a pivotal task in the treatment of pancreatic cancer. Response to treatment with most anticancer agents has been very poor, probably due to insufficient drug concentration in tumor tissue. Increased response rates during chemotherapy might be achieved by dose escalation; however, this approach is often hampered by(More)
A novel approach to reducing organ toxicity of anticancer agents is the application of nontoxic glucuronide prodrugs from which the active drug is released by human beta-glucuronidase, an enzyme present at high levels in many tumors. In view of high interindividual variability in beta-glucuronidase expression, regulation of this enzyme is an essential(More)