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BACKGROUND Myocardial perfusion reserve can be noninvasively assessed with cardiovascular MR. In this study, the diagnostic accuracy of this technique for the detection of significant coronary artery stenosis was evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS In 15 patients with single-vessel coronary artery disease and 5 patients without significant coronary artery(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies indicate that MRI, after administration of gadolinium-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid, can identify nonviable areas in dysfunctional myocardium. We compared MRI hyperenhancement with PET as a gold standard for detection and quantification of myocardial scar tissue. METHODS AND RESULTS Thirty-one patients with ischemic heart(More)
Breathing motion artifacts reduce the quality of MR coronary artery images. Real-time adaptive navigator correction with different correction factors (0%, 30%, 60%, 80% of diaphragmatic displacement) was used to correct for respiratory motion in 3D coronary artery imaging. Significant improvements of image quality were achieved by adaptive motion correction(More)
Quantification of myocardial perfusion using first-pass magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is hampered by respiratory motion of the heart. Prospective slice tracking (PST) potentially overcomes this problem, and may provide an attractive alternative or supplement to current breath-hold techniques. This study demonstrates the feasibility of patient-adapted 3D(More)
BACKGROUND With MRI, an index of myocardial perfusion reserve (MPRI) can be determined. We assessed the value of this technique for the noninvasive detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with suspected CAD. METHODS AND RESULTS Eighty-four patients referred for a primary diagnostic coronary angiography were examined with a 1.5 T MRI(More)
BACKGROUND This study is the first to examine the effect of direct angiotensin II type 2 (AT(2)) receptor stimulation on postinfarct cardiac function with the use of the novel nonpeptide AT(2) receptor agonist compound 21 (C21). METHODS AND RESULTS Myocardial infarction (MI) was induced in Wistar rats by permanent ligation of the left coronary artery.(More)
New ultrafast gradient systems and hybrid imaging sequences make it possible to acquire a complete image in real time, without the need for breathholding or electrocardiogram (ECG) triggering. In 21 patients, left ventricular function was assessed by the use of a turbo-gradient echo technique, an echo-planar imaging (EPI) technique, and a new real-time(More)
BACKGROUND The dual-bolus protocol enables accurate quantification of myocardial blood flow (MBF) by first-pass perfusion cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). However, despite the advantages and increasing demand for the dual-bolus method for accurate quantification of MBF, thus far, it has not been widely used in the field of quantitative perfusion(More)
BACKGROUND T1 mapping is a robust and highly reproducible application to quantify myocardial relaxation of longitudinal magnetisation. Available T1 mapping methods are presently site and vendor specific, with variable accuracy and precision of T1 values between the systems and sequences. We assessed the transferability of a T1 mapping method and determined(More)
AIMS Dynamic three-dimensional-cardiac magnetic resonance (3D-CMR) perfusion proved highly diagnostic for the detection of angiographically defined coronary artery disease (CAD) and has been used to assess the efficacy of coronary stenting procedures. The present study aimed to relate significant coronary lesions as assessed by fractional flow reserve (FFR)(More)