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BACKGROUND Spontaneous breathing supported by nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) is thought to have some advantages compared with mechanical ventilation in extremely premature infants. In addition, early or prophylactic surfactant administration has been shown to be superior to delayed use. A strategy to combine these two principles was(More)
SUMMARY Tobacco pathogenesis-related (PR) genes of group 1 are induced during pathogen defence (hypersensitive response, HR, and systemic acquired resistance, SAR), after exogenous application of salicylic acid (SA), and by developmental cues. Likewise, SA enhances transcripts for Arabidopsis NIMIN-1 and NIMIN-2, which interact with NPR1/NIM1, a key(More)
From 2000 to 2005, a total of 1,096 enterovirus infections were diagnosed either by isolation of virus from cell culture or by RT-PCR (5'non-coding region (NCR)). Typing of viruses (n = 674) was carried out by immunofluorescence with monoclonal antibodies, neutralization test or molecular methods. Seasons with high enterovirus activity were characterized by(More)
BACKGROUND Propofol is gaining increasing popularity as induction agent for pediatric endotracheal intubation. Recently, propofol has been described for the first time as induction agent for endotracheal intubation in preterm neonates. Propofol seemed to be efficient, safe and ideally suited for the INSURE (Intubation SURfactant Extubation) procedure in(More)
Twenty-four patients in a paediatric intensive care unit mostly undergoing cardiac surgery, received a midazolam dosage between 50-400 micrograms/kg per hour as a continuous intravenous infusion partly in combination with fentanyl [0,5-2,5 micrograms/kg per hour] for analgesia and sedation. The mean duration of midazolam infusion was 11.6 days (range 38(More)
BACKGROUND Surfactant is usually given to mechanically ventilated preterm infants via an endotracheal tube to treat respiratory distress syndrome. We tested a new method of surfactant application to spontaneously breathing preterm infants to avoid mechanical ventilation. METHOD In a parallel-group, randomised controlled trial, 220 preterm infants with a(More)
AIM To evaluate intubating conditions, extubation times and outcome in preterm infants receiving remifentanil as induction agent for the INSURE procedure. METHODS In twenty-one preterm infants of 29 to 32 weeks gestation and signs of respiratory distress, we utilized remifentanil as induction agent for the INSURE procedure. Following intubation and(More)
The paucity of hyperammonemic crises together with spasticity, only seen in human arginase I deficient patients and not in patients with other urea cycle disorders, forces a search for candidates other than ammonia to associate with the pathophysiology and symptomatology. Therefore, we determined arginine together with some catabolites of arginine in blood(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) and intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) as a primary ventilation mode in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. Primary end points were survival and maintenance of the randomized ventilation mode. STUDY DESIGN Prospective, multicenter, randomized clinical trial.(More)
IMPORTANCE Treatment of respiratory distress syndrome in premature infants with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) preserves surfactant and keeps the lung open but is insufficient in severe surfactant deficiency. Traditional surfactant administration is related to short periods of positive pressure ventilation and implies the risk of lung injury.(More)