Bernhard Ross

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Acoustic stimuli are processed throughout the auditory projection pathway, including the neocortex, by neurons that are aggregated into 'tonotopic' maps according to their specific frequency tunings. Research on animals has shown that tonotopic representations are not statically fixed in the adult organism but can reorganize after damage to the cochlea or(More)
The cerebral magnetic field of the auditory steady-state response (SSR) to sinusoidal amplitude-modulated (SAM) tones was recorded in healthy humans. The waveforms of underlying cortical source activity were calculated at multiples of the modulation frequency using the method of source space projection, which improved the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) by a(More)
Moving in synchrony with an auditory rhythm requires predictive action based on neurodynamic representation of temporal information. Although it is known that a regular auditory rhythm can facilitate rhythmic movement, the neural mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain poorly understood. In this experiment using human magnetoencephalography, 12 young(More)
Hemispheric asymmetries during auditory sensory processing were examined using whole-head magnetoencephalographic recordings of auditory evoked responses to monaurally and binaurally presented amplitude-modulated sounds. Laterality indices were calculated for the transient onset responses (P1m and N1m), the transient gamma-band response, the sustained field(More)
Neural imaging studies have shown that the brains of skilled musicians respond differently to musical stimuli than do the brains of non-musicians, particularly for musicians who commenced practice at an early age. Whether brain attributes related to musical skill are attributable to musical practice or are hereditary traits that influence the decision to(More)
Steady-state responses (SSRs) or steady-state fields (SSFs) show maximum amplitude when tone pulses are presented at repetition rates near 40 Hz. This result has led to the hypothesis that the SSR/SSF consists of superimposed transient 'middle latency' responses which display wave periods near 40 Hz and summate with one another when phase locked by 40 Hz(More)
Auditory evoked responses to a violin tone and a noise-burst stimulus were recorded from 4- to 6-year-old children in four repeated measurements over a 1-year period using magnetoencephalography (MEG). Half of the subjects participated in musical lessons throughout the year; the other half had no music lessons. Auditory evoked magnetic fields showed(More)
In this study we applied synthetic aperture magnetometry (SAM) to investigate active cortical areas associated with magnetically recorded transient and steady-state auditory evoked responses. For transient evoked responses, SAM images reveal an activated volume of cortical tissue within the lateral aspect of the superior temporal plane. The volume of(More)
40-Hz auditory steady state responses to amplitude modulated tones were recorded with magnetoencephalography to investigate the effect of focused attention. A modulation discrimination task and a destructive visual task established the attended and the non-attended experimental conditions. A strong contrast between these conditions was demonstrated by(More)
The auditory evoked neuromagnetic field elicited by synthetic specimens of the vowels [a], [ae], [u], and [i] was recorded over the left and the right hemisphere of 11 subjects. The N100m and the SF deflection of the recorded signal was submitted to equivalent current source analysis using the model of a single dipole in a spherical volume conductor. Vowel(More)