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BACKGROUND Carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) is increasingly being used for treatment of symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid artery disease (CAD). To evaluate the efficacy of cerebral protection devices in preventing thromboembolic complications during CAS, we conducted a systematic review of studies reporting on the incidence of minor stroke, major(More)
BACKGROUND Overweight and the metabolic syndrome (MS) represent dramatically increasing problems in children and adolescents. Waist circumference (WC) is an important factor to determine MS. So far, WC is a predictor of blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), insulin concentration, and visceral fat in adolescents. We investigated whether WC and body(More)
Increased endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels were found in patients with chronic renal failure. These correlate with the severity of renal failure. Patients with elevated ET-1 concentrations show an increased cardiovascular mortality. The prevalence of severe left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a very important factor for survival and morbidity in uremic patients(More)
BACKGROUND The antineoplastic compound paclitaxel (Taxol) causes an increased assembly of extraordinarily stable microtubules. The present study was designed to characterize the effects of paclitaxel on proliferation and migration of human arterial smooth muscle cells (haSMCs) in vitro and on neointima formation in an in vivo experimental rabbit model. (More)
Despite their paracrine activites, cardiomyogenic differentiation of bone marrow (BM)-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is thought to contribute to cardiac regeneration. To systematically evaluate the role of differentiation in MSC-mediated cardiac regeneration, the cardiomyogenic differentiation potential of human MSCs (hMSCs) and murine MSCs (mMSCs)(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate the influence of superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) or ultrasmall SPIO (USPIO) particles on the surface epitope pattern of adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) by regulating the expression of transferrin receptor and to prospectively evaluate the influence of transfection agents (TAs) on the uptake of SPIO or USPIO(More)
BACKGROUND Sympathetic activity is a significant predictor of a poor prognosis in heart failure. Beta-blockers have been shown to improve the prognosis of patients with heart failure. AIM This pilot study examined the tolerability and efficacy of the new beta-blocker nebivolol on left ventricular function in patients with chronic heart failure. METHODS(More)
Spectroscopy-based imaging techniques can provide useful biochemical information about tissue samples. Here, we employ Raman and Fourier transform infrared (IR) imaging to characterize composition and constitution of atherosclerotic plaques of rabbits, fed with a high cholesterol diet. The results were compared with conventional light microscopy after(More)
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) provides pulmonary and circulatory support in critically ill patients (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, or low output syndrome). Hemodynamic parameters are used for evaluation of the macrocirculation, while the microcirculation is monitored by blood-lactate as a surrogate(More)
OBJECTIVE Secondary failure due to late restenosis continues to occur in 30-50% of individuals after PTCA. beta-Blockers play an important role in the treatment of CAD. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the new beta-blocker nebivolol on cell proliferation of human coronary smooth muscle cells (haCSMCs) and endothelial cells (haECs) in(More)