Bernhard Pilz

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The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of reactivity to a series of commonly used fragrances in dermatological patients. A total of 48 fragrances (FF) were chosen, based on the publication of Fenn in 1989 in which the top 25 constituents of 3 types (1. perfumes, 2. household products, 3. soaps) of 400 commercial products on the US market(More)
BACKGROUND Muscle LIM protein (MLP) is an essential nuclear regulator of myogenic differentiation. Additionally, it may act as an integrator of protein assembly of the actin-based cytoskeleton. MLP-knockout mice develop a marked cardiac hypertrophy reaction and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). MLP is therefore a candidate gene for heritable forms of(More)
The ErbB2 (Her2) proto-oncogene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase, which is frequently amplified and overexpressed in human tumors. ErbB2 provides the target for a novel and effective antibody-based therapy (Trastuzumab/Herceptin) used for the treatment of mammary carcinomas. However, cardiomyopathies develop in a proportion of patients treated with(More)
We tested the hypothesis that the renin inhibitor aliskiren ameliorates organ damage in rats transgenic for human renin and angiotensinogen genes (double transgenic rat [dTGR]). Six-week-old dTGR were matched by albuminuria (2 mg per day) and divided into 5 groups. Untreated dTGR were compared with aliskiren (3 and 0.3 mg/kg per day)-treated and valsartan(More)
BACKGROUND In a double-transgenic human renin and human angiotensinogen rat model, we found that mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) blockade ameliorated angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced renal and cardiac damage. How Ang II and aldosterone (Ald) might interact is ill defined. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated the effects of Ang II (10(-7) mol/L) and Ald(More)
The relation to the pressure gradient as assessed by echocardiography and the CMR-derived planimetry of the LVOT is not known, no values for the differentiation of obstruction exist. We studied 37 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and 14 healthy controls using standard sequences with 3D coverage of the left ventricular outflow tract. A cutoff value(More)
The basic computations underlying the extraction of motion from the visual environment have been characterized in great detail. A non-linear interaction, such as a multiplication, between neighbouring visual elements was shown to be the core of biological motion detectors in different species ranging from insects to man. GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid)-ergic(More)
BACKGROUND Assessing the aortic valvular orifice is important in judging the severity of aortic stenosis. Magnetic resonance imaging visualizes in-plane valvular motion. We studied the value of magnetic resonance planimetry of the aortic valve orifice. METHODS We used breath-hold gradient echocardiographic sequences on a clinical magnetic resonance system(More)
Kinins play a central role in the modulation of cardiovascular function and in the pathophysiology of inflammation. These peptides mediate their effects by binding to two specific G-protein coupled receptors named B1 and B2. To evaluate the full functional relevance of the kallikrein-kinin system, we generated mice lacking both kinin receptors (B1B2-/-).(More)
We studied the effects of extremely low-dose human renin inhibition (aliskiren) with low angiotensin II receptor blockade (losartan) in a novel double-transgenic rat model harbouring both human renin and angiotensinogen genes. We found that low-dose aliskiren and low-dose losartan effectively reduced mortality and target-organ damage with minimal,(More)