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The Electrophysiological Dynamics of Interference during the Stroop Task
TLDR
It is concluded that interference between color naming and word meaning in the Stroop task manifests itself at around 400 msec and mainly activates the ACC, which most likely reflects the engagement of cognitive control mechanisms.
The electrophysiological dynamics of interference during the stroop task
If subjects are required to name the color of the word red printed in blue ink, interference between word meaning and ink color occurs, which slows down reaction time. This effect is well known as
Anticipatory Signatures of Voluntary Memory Suppression
TLDR
Two electrophysiological processes of voluntary memory suppression were identified: an early anticipatory process operating before the memory cue for a to-be-suppressed memory was provided, and a later process operating after memory cue presentation.
Retrieval during learning facilitates subsequent memory encoding.
TLDR
Brain-behavior correlations showed that alpha-power dynamics from List 1 to List 5 encoding predicted subsequent recall performance, and the results suggest that, without intermittent retrieval, encoding becomes ineffective across lists.
Dynamic Adjustments of Cognitive Control: Oscillatory Correlates of the Conflict Adaptation Effect
TLDR
Findings point to a dynamic cognitive control system that, as a function of previous trial type, up- and down-regulates attention and preparatory motor activities in anticipation of the next trial.
Amount of postcue encoding predicts amount of directed forgetting.
TLDR
A 2-mechanism account of directed forgetting is suggested, according to which List 1 forgetting reflects reduced accessibility of List 1 items, and List 2 enhancement arises from a reset of encoding processes.
The crucial role of postcue encoding in directed forgetting and context-dependent forgetting.
TLDR
The authors compared directed forgetting and context-dependent forgetting by examining whether, like a forget cue, a change in internal context needs subsequent learning of new material to be effective.
No Inhibitory Deficit in Older Adults' Episodic Memory
TLDR
The results indicate that retrieval inhibition is intact in older adults' episodic recall and suggest that the common view of a general inhibitory deficit in Older adults needs to be updated and that older adults show intact inhibition in some cognitive tasks and deficient inhibition in others.
Retrieval practice enhances new learning: the forward effect of testing
TLDR
The review shows that the forward effect of testing is a well replicated phenomenon in laboratory studies that has been observed for both veridical information and misinformation, and demonstrates that the effect may be applied to educational and clinical settings, enhancing learning in students and reducing memory deficits in clinical populations.
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