Bernhard Michael Kemkes

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Experiments were designed to characterize cardiac alpha-adrenoceptors and the alpha-adrenoceptor-mediated positive inotropic effects in human myocardial tissue from patients with moderate New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II-III and severe (NYHA class IV) heart failure. The number of cardiac alpha-adrenoceptors was low but similar in moderate and(More)
The number of cardiac beta-adrenoceptors and the positive inotropic effect of isoprenaline and milrinone were measured in cardiac membranes and isolated, electrically driven muscle strips from nonfailing donor hearts and from patients with mitral valve disease (NYHA II-III), ischemic heart disease, and dilated cardiomyopathy (NYHA IV). In nonfailing hearts,(More)
Cardiac beta-adrenoceptors and the positive inotropic effects of adenylate cyclase-dependent (dobutamine, histamine, forskolin) and adenylate cyclase-independent agents (isobutylmethylxanthine (IBMX), dibutyryl-cAMP (db-cAMP), digoxin, digitoxin and calcium were measured in papillary muscle strips from severely failing (NYHA IV), moderately failing (NYHA(More)
PURPOSE CABG with bilateral IMA grafts (BIMA) can improve long-term results in cardiac morbidity and mortality. An enhanced incidence of bleeding and wound complications compared to patients with single IMA (SIMA) remains a matter of debate. The aim of the study was to compare the operative outcomes of patients who had undergone CABG with BIMA and SIMA in(More)
Acute mesenteric ischemia is a rare but severe complication after open heart surgery. Its incidence (0.2-0.4%) is quite low, but mortality rates are ranging between 70% and 100%. From October 1992 to December 1996, 4,640 patients underwent open heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass: 74.6% coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operations, 23.2% valve(More)
BACKGROUND Superior patency-rate of ITA, especially BITA-grafting to saphenous vein grafts, is conclusive. This study evaluates angiographic findings postoperatively in 663 symptomatic patients receiving one or both ITAs and vein grafts. METHODS 663 patients (553 male, mean age 62) with CABG operated between 1/94 and 6/02 underwent reangiography due to(More)
Atrial fibrillation is in 20-50% the most frequent dysrhythmia after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and a possible cause for hemodynamical complications and prolongation off the medical treatment in patients. Therefore, the effect of beta-blocking with metoprolol for prevention of supraventricular arrhythmias (SVA) was investigated in a prospective(More)
The Mosaic bioprosthesis is a stented porcine aortic valve, which combines the zero pressure differential fixation technique (by applying equal pressure to the in- and outflow ends of the valve, the aortic root is pressurized to maximize the flow area while no pressure is exerted on the leaflets) and an antimineralization treatment with alpha amino oleic(More)
Sixty-eight indium 111-labeled antimyosin Fab-DTPA imaging studies (0.5 mg intravenously with a radioactivity of 65 to 75 MBq) were executed on 37 of 116 patients undergoing heart transplantation to assess diagnostic accuracy and clinical utility. As controls, 21 patients with cardiomyopathy (n = 8), unstable angina (n = 9), and myocardial infarction (n =(More)
After cardiac transplantation, bacterial mediastinitis is a rare but dangerous early complication. Of the 113 patients who underwent heart or heart-lung transplantation at our hospital from August 1981 to April 1989, 8 developed purulent mediastinitis. Treatment involved surgical débridment, local irrigation, drainage, and high-dose systemic antibiotics. No(More)