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DOI: 10.1002/adma.201400578 Here, we report a facile, surfactant-free method to prepare hollow Si with tunable morphology from hollow cubes, spheres, tubes, to fl owers and other shapes. Figure 1 a illustrates the controllable synthesis of hollow Si materials. We controllably synthesized various carbonates, followed by Si deposition and removal of carbonate(More)
The direct adjustment of two-component pseudopotentials (scalar-relativistic + spin-orbit potentials), to atomic total energy valence spectra derived from four-component multiconfiguration Dirac-Hartree-Fock all-electron calculations based on the Dirac-Coulomb-Breit Hamiltonian, has been made a routine tool for an efficient treatment of heavy main-group(More)
Tin is a promising anode candidate for next-generation lithium-ion batteries with a high energy density, but suffers from the huge volume change (ca. 260 %) upon lithiation. To address this issue, here we report a new hierarchical tin/carbon composite in which some of the nanosized Sn particles are anchored on the tips of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) that are(More)
Two-component and scalar relativistic energy-consistent pseudopotentials for the group 1 elements from K to element 119 are presented using nine electrons for the valence space definition. The accuracy of such an approximation is discussed for dipole polarizabilities and ionization potentials obtained at the coupled-cluster level as compared to experimental(More)
Controlling the wettability between the porous electrode and the electrolyte in lithium-ion batteries can improve both the manufacturing process and the electrochemical performance of the cell. The wetting rate, which is the electrolyte transport rate in the porous electrode, can be quantified using the wetting balance. The effect of the calendering process(More)
The reaction of [{(C5Me5)CrCl2}2] with [2.2](1,4)cyclophane gave [(C5Me5)Cr{[2.2](1,4)cyclophane}] (1) and [(C5Me5)Cr{[2.2](1,4)cyclophane}Cr(C5Me5)] (2), depending on the reaction conditions. X-ray structure analysis showed 2 to be a ministack which in turn is stacked in the lattice. The chromium atoms are 6.035 A apart, and the distortion of the benzene(More)
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