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BACKGROUND/AIMS The current standard for gastric emptying studies are radioactive isotope methods. [13C]breath tests have been developed as a nonradioactive alternative. The aim of this study was to validate a [13C]acetate breath test as a measure of gastric emptying of the liquid phase both in liquid and semisolid test meals by simultaneous(More)
We have evaluated the diagnostic value of the fecal elastase test in comparison with the secretin-pancreozymin test in the diagnosis of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. Pancreatic elastase was measured immunologically. Immunoreactive elastase activity in spot stools from controls ranged from 136 to 4440 microgram/g; 95% of all values were within 175 to(More)
In patients with AIDS, short-term survival has been related to body weight, body composition, and serum nutritional parameters, but their prognostic impact at earlier stages of the HIV infection is not known. With an individual follow-up period of 1,000 days, we investigated the prognostic relevance of electrical tissue conductivity [resistance R, reactance(More)
Total body water, body fat, body cell mass (BCM), extracellular mass (ECM), and the ECM-BCM ratio by impedance analysis were determined in 193 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients and 340 control subjects. Walter Reed (WR) classification was WR 2 in 26, WR 3-5 in 85, and WR 6 in 82 patients. Whereas resistance was increased, reactance and(More)
In a prospective study, several parameters of small intestinal function have been assessed in 20 patients with chronic relapsing pancreatitis with and without steatorrhoea. By and large all routine parameters of small intestinal function were found to be normal. In particular, neither a previously reported high incidence of lactase deficiency, nor D-xylose(More)
A new and versatile method for the identification and quantification of short-chain fatty acids, such as formic, acetic, propionic, butyric, isobutyric, valeric, isovaleric and mercaptoacetic acids, in biological specimens by high-performance liquid chromatography is described. After sample purification by vacuum transfer and concentration by alkaline(More)
The influence of two new 1-desoxynojirimycin derivatives, BAY m 1099 and BAY o 1248, on rat small intestinal disaccharidases (sucrase, maltase, isomaltase, glucoamylase, lactase, trehalase) and alkaline phosphatase activity has been investigated in vitro. Both compounds are very potent alpha-glucosidase inhibitors. Tested in the range of 0.1-5.0(More)
BACKGROUND Adequate patient sedation is mandatory for diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The short-acting anesthetic propofol offers certain potential advantages for endoscopic procedures, but controlled studies proving its superiority over benzodiazepines for ERCP are lacking. METHODS During a 6-month period(More)
The effect of the long-acting somatostatin analogue Sandostatin (SMS 201-995) on intestinal absorption and propagation (mouth-to-caecum transit time; MCTT), on pancreatic secretion and on gall bladder contraction after direct (secretin-pancreozymin test) and indirect stimulation (Lundh meal), and on meal-induced responses of seven gastrointestinal(More)