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BACKGROUND The prevalence and socioeconomic burden of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and associated co-morbidities are rising worldwide. AIMS This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations for preventing T2DM. METHODS A European multidisciplinary consortium systematically reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness of screening and interventions for T2DM(More)
When we ask people what they value most, health is usually top of the list. While effective care is available for many chronic diseases, the fact remains that for the patient, the tax payer and the whole of society: prevention is better than cure. Diabetes and its complications are a serious threat to the survival and well-being of an increasing number of(More)
AIMS The efficacy of three education programmes for Type 2 diabetic patients was tested in a randomized trial. A didactic-oriented training programme (treatment A) was compared with a self-management-oriented programme delivered in group sessions (treatment B). The latter programme was compared with a more individualized approach (treatment C). METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compared the long-term efficacy of a diabetes-specific cognitive behavioral group therapy (CBT) with sertraline in patients with diabetes and depression who initially responded to short-term depression treatment. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A randomized controlled single-blind trial was conducted in 70 secondary care centers across(More)
AIMS The aims of this study were to examine (1) the prevalence of clinical and subclinical anxiety and affective disorders in a sample of diabetic patients attending a secondary care clinic in Germany and (2) risk factors associated with the occurrence of these disorders. METHODS Four hundred and twenty diabetic patients (36.9% Type 1; 24.7% Type 2; 38.4%(More)
We compared the screening performance of different measures of depression: the standard clinical assessment (SCA); the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI); the Center of Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D); and the Problem Areas in Diabetes (PAID) questionnaire, which assesses diabetes-specific distress. We also studied the ability of these(More)
BACKGROUND According to numerous studies, type 2 diabetes is associated with mild cognitive dysfunction, and there is some evidence suggesting favorable effects of improved metabolic control on the mental capability of elderly diabetic patients. OBJECTIVE To compare patients with type 2 diabetes to normal controls with respect to cognitive performance and(More)
The primary aim of this study was to compare the results of HbA1c measurements with those of an OGTT for early diagnosis of ‘silent diabetes’ in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing angiography without prediagnosed diabetes. A secondary aim was to investigate the correlation between the extent of CAD and the glycaemic status of the(More)
There is a paucity of longitudinal data on type 1 diabetes and depression, especially in adults. The present study prospectively analysed trajectories of depressive symptoms in adults during the first 5 years of living with type 1 diabetes. We aimed to identify distinct trajectories of depressive symptoms and to examine how they affect diabetes outcome. We(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of the group program PREDIAS for diabetes prevention. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS PREDIAS consists of 12 lessons and aims at lifestyle modification. The control group received written information about diabetes prevention. In this study, a total of 182 persons with an elevated diabetes risk participated (aged 56.3 +/-(More)