Bernhard Kainz

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We present a new GPU-based rendering system for ray casting of multiple volumes. Our approach supports a large number of volumes, complex translucent and concave polyhedral objects as well as CSG intersections of volumes and geometry in any combination. The system (including the rasterization stage) is implemented entirely in CUDA, which allows full control(More)
Real-time three-dimensional acquisition of real-world scenes has many important applications in computer graphics, computer vision and human-computer interaction. Inexpensive depth sensors such as the Microsoft Kinect allow to leverage the development of such applications. However, this technology is still relatively recent, and no detailed studies on its(More)
A common task in medical image analysis is the alignment of data from different sources, e.g., X-ray images and computed tomography (CT) data. Such a task is generally known as registration. We demonstrate the applicability of automatic differentiation (AD) techniques to a class of 2D/3D registration problems which are highly computationally intensive and(More)
Motion correction is a key element for imaging the fetal brain in-utero using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Maternal breathing can introduce motion, but a larger effect is frequently due to fetal movement within the womb. Consequently, imaging is frequently performed slice-by-slice using single shot techniques, which are then combined into volumetric(More)
In modern clinical practice, planning access paths to volumetric target structures remains one of the most important and most complex tasks, and a physician's insufficient experience in this can lead to severe complications or even the death of the patient. In this paper, we present a method for safety evaluation and the visualization of access paths to(More)
In this paper we present Softshell, a novel execution model for devices composed of multiple processing cores operating in a single instruction, multiple data fashion, such as graphics processing units (GPUs). The Softshell model is intuitive and more flexible than the kernel-based adaption of the stream processing model, which is currently the dominant(More)
Fetal MRI is an invaluable diagnostic tool complementary to ultrasound thanks to its high contrast and resolution. Motion artifacts and the arbitrary orientation of the fetus are two main challenges of fetal MRI. In this paper, we propose a method based on Random Forests with steerable features to automatically localize the heart, lungs and liver in fetal(More)
Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a minimally invasive technique that destroys cancer cells by heat. The heat results from focusing energy in the radiofrequency spectrum through a needle. Amongst others, this can enable the treatment of patients who are not eligible for an open surgery. However, the possibility of recurrent liver cancer due to(More)
Automatic detection of the fetal brain in Magnetic Resonance (MR) Images is especially difficult due to arbitrary orientation of the fetus and possible movements during the scan. In this paper, we propose a method to facilitate fully automatic brain voxel classification by means of rotation invariant volume descriptors. We calculate features for a set of 50(More)
In this paper, a novel segmentation method for liver vasculature is presented, intended for numerical simulation of radio frequency ablation (RFA). The developed method is a semiautomatic hybrid based on multi-scale vessel enhancement combined with ridge-oriented region growing and skeleton-based postprocessing. In addition, an interactive tool for(More)