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According to Einstein's equivalence principle, inertial accelerations during translational motion are physically indistinguishable from gravitational accelerations experienced during tilting movements. Nevertheless, despite ambiguous sensory representation of motion in primary otolith afferents, primate oculomotor responses are appropriately compensatory(More)
1. The spatial organization of the vestibuloocular reflex (VOR) was studied in six rhesus monkeys by applying fast, short-lasting, passive head and body tilts immediately after constant-velocity rotation (+/- 90 degrees/s) about an earth-vertical axis. Two alternative hypotheses were investigated regarding the reference frame used for coding angular motion.(More)
1. The dynamic contribution of otolith signals to three-dimensional angular vestibuloocular reflex (VOR) was studied during off-vertical axis rotations in rhesus monkeys. In an attempt to separate response components to head velocity from those to head position relative to gravity during low-frequency sinusoidal oscillations, large oscillation amplitudes(More)
1. The dynamic properties of otolith-ocular reflexes elicited by sinusoidal linear acceleration along the three cardinal head axes were studied during off-vertical axis rotations in rhesus monkeys. As the head rotates in space at constant velocity about an off-vertical axis, otolith-ocular reflexes are elicited in response to the sinusoidally varying linear(More)
1. We recently studied the spatial representation of angular motion signals in rhesus monkeys by examining the orientation of postrotatory vestibuloocular responses during tilt of the head and body relative to gravity after constant-velocity rotation about an earth-vertical axis. We have reported that low-frequency angular motion signals in the(More)
Horizontal optokinetic nystagmus was elicited in rats by rotation of a pattern of bright dots projected onto a cylinder surrounding the animal. Eye position was measured with the electromagnetic search coil technique. Optokinetic stimuli consisted either of velocity steps of pattern rotation or sinusoidal oscillations. Closed-loop gain (slow phase eye(More)
1. During rotations that dynamically activate utricular and saccular primary afferents, the otolith system centrally detects the velocity and direction of rotation of the head in space. This property is experimentally manifested as a steady-state compensatory nystagmus during constant velocity off-vertical axis rotations. The computational, physiological,(More)
A procedure is described to calibrate three-dimensional eye position with a dual-search coil implant in rhesus monkeys using a two-field magnetic system. The method allows one to determine the sensitivity of the search coils taking into account the presence of d.c. offset voltages. The orientation of the implant on the eye relative to a space-fixed(More)
In three rhesus monkeys three-dimensional eye positions were measured with the dual search coil technique. Recordings of spontaneous eye movements were made in the light and in the dark, with the monkeys in different static roll or pitch positions. Eye positions were expressed as rotation vectors. In all static positions eye rotation vectors were confined(More)
The dynamics and three-dimensional (3-D) properties of the primate translational vestibuloocular reflex (trVOR) for high-frequency (4-12 Hz, +/-0.3-0.4 g) lateral motion were investigated during near-target viewing at center and eccentric targets. Horizontal response gains increased with frequency and depended on target eccentricity. The larger the(More)