Bernhard Holzmann

Learn More
Altered host defense mechanisms after major surgery or trauma are considered important for the development of infectious complications and sepsis. In the present study, we demonstrate that major surgery results in a severe defect of T-lymphocyte proliferation and cytokine secretion in response to coligation of the antigen receptor complex and CD28. During(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to develop gene classifiers to predict colorectal cancer recurrence. We investigated whether gene classifiers derived from two tumor series using different array platforms could be independently validated by application to the alternate series of patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Colorectal tumors from New Zealand (n = 149) and(More)
Sepsis is a state of disrupted inflammatory homeostasis that is often initiated by infection. The development and progression of sepsis is multi-factorial, and affects the cardiovascular, immunological and endocrine systems of the body. The complexity of sepsis makes the clinical study of sepsis and sepsis therapeutics difficult. Animal models have been(More)
The mucosal vascular addressin, MAdCAM-1, is an immunoglobulin superfamily adhesion molecule for lymphocytes that is expressed by mucosal venules and helps direct lymphocyte traffic into Peyer's patches (PP) and the intestinal lamina propria. We demonstrate that the lymphocyte integrin alpha 4 beta 7, also implicated in homing to PP, is a receptor for(More)
PURPOSE Maintenance of telomeres through reactivation of telomerase is a prerequisite for tumors to preserve their ability to proliferate. The purpose of this study was to evaluate telomere length and human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) expression as markers for progression and prognosis of colorectal carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Telomere(More)
Recent reports support the concept that the major defect in polymicrobial sepsis is an impaired immunologic response to infection. Oligodeoxynucleotides containing CpG sequence motifs (CpG-ODN) were previously shown to induce immune protection in models of chronic infection with intracellular bacteria, parasites, and viruses due to their ability to augment(More)
Communication between the nervous and immune systems involves the release of neuropeptides, such as calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), from sensory nerves during inflammation. CGRP may inhibit the activities of both innate and adaptive immune cells, but the molecular pathways underlying this function are largely unknown. In this study, we identify CGRP(More)
The detection of early micrometastasis or disseminated single tumor cells poses a problem for conventional diagnosis procedures. Using a panel of monoclonal antibodies against cytokeratin and the 17-1A epithelial antigen we identified immunocytochemically tumor cells in bone marrow of patients with breast cancer (n = 155) and colorectal cancer (n = 57) at(More)
The 89-kDa cell surface glycoprotein, P3.58, is detectable on advanced human melanomas in situ but not on benign melanocytes or early melanomas. cDNA cloning of P3.58 from melanoma cells was accomplished by screening a lambda zap expression vector library with monoclonal antibodies produced against the denatured antigen. Nucleotide sequencing of the clones(More)
TLRs are important sensors of the innate immune system that serve to identify conserved microbial components to mount a protective immune response. They furthermore control the survival of the challenged cell by governing the induction of pro- and antiapoptotic signaling pathways. Pathogenic Yersinia spp. uncouple the balance of life and death signals in(More)