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The mucosal vascular addressin, MAdCAM-1, is an immunoglobulin superfamily adhesion molecule for lymphocytes that is expressed by mucosal venules and helps direct lymphocyte traffic into Peyer's patches (PP) and the intestinal lamina propria. We demonstrate that the lymphocyte integrin alpha 4 beta 7, also implicated in homing to PP, is a receptor for(More)
Lymphocyte homing is controlled by organ-specific interactions of lymphocytes and high endothelial venules (HEV). Adhesion of lymphocytes to Peyer's patch HEV, but not to peripheral node HEV, is inhibited by an antibody recognizing the murine lymphocyte antigen LPAM-1. Lymphoma cell variants were selected on the FACS for differences in LPAM-1 expression:(More)
IL-12 is a potent immunoregulatory cytokine that is essential for the development of protective immunity, as demonstrated by numerous animal models of infection. Here, we provide evidence for a critical role of IL-12 in human sepsis. The results of a prospective study of 184 patients undergoing major elective surgery of the upper and lower gastrointestinal(More)
cDNA clones encoding the alpha chain of the murine lymphocyte-Peyer's patch adhesion molecule (LPAM), which is associated with lymphocyte homing, have been isolated by screening with the human VLA-4 (alpha 4h) probe. Several alpha 4 antigenic determinants were identified on COS-7 cells after transfection. From overlapping clones, approximately 5 kb of(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are important for the activation of innate immune cells upon encounter of microbial pathogens. The present study investigated the potential roles of TLR2, TLR4, and the signaling protein myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) in polymicrobial septic peritonitis. Whereas both TLR2 and TLR4 were dispensable for host defense(More)
The dynamic regulation of ligand binding is considered crucial for integrin function. However, the importance of activity regulation for integrin function in vivo is largely unknown. Here, we have applied gene targeting to delete the GFFKR sequence of the lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) alpha(L) subunit cytoplasmic domain in mouse germline.(More)
Recent reports support the concept that the major defect in polymicrobial sepsis is an impaired immunologic response to infection. Oligodeoxynucleotides containing CpG sequence motifs (CpG-ODN) were previously shown to induce immune protection in models of chronic infection with intracellular bacteria, parasites, and viruses due to their ability to augment(More)
Lymphotoxin alpha (LT-alpha) may form secreted homotrimers binding to p55 and p75 tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptors or cell surface-bound heterotrimers with LT-beta that interact with the LT-beta receptor. Genetic ablation of LT-alpha revealed that mutant mice have no detectable lymph nodes or Peyer's patches and that the organization of the splenic(More)
The present study describes two novel antigens, a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of 113,000 and a protein with a molecular weight of 76,000, which are associated with the transformed phenotype of melanocytes. The monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) MUC18 and MUC54, raised against human malignant melanoma, were selected for differential reactivity with normal(More)
The gene SASH1 (SAM- and SH3-domain containing 1) has originally been identified as a candidate tumour suppressor gene in breast cancer. SASH1 is a member of the SH3-domain containing expressed in lymphocytes (SLY1) gene family that encodes signal adapter proteins composed of several protein-protein interaction domains. The other members of this family are(More)