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The mucosal vascular addressin, MAdCAM-1, is an immunoglobulin superfamily adhesion molecule for lymphocytes that is expressed by mucosal venules and helps direct lymphocyte traffic into Peyer's patches (PP) and the intestinal lamina propria. We demonstrate that the lymphocyte integrin alpha 4 beta 7, also implicated in homing to PP, is a receptor for(More)
Lymphocyte homing is controlled by organ-specific interactions of lymphocytes and high endothelial venules (HEV). Adhesion of lymphocytes to Peyer's patch HEV, but not to peripheral node HEV, is inhibited by an antibody recognizing the murine lymphocyte antigen LPAM-1. Lymphoma cell variants were selected on the FACS for differences in LPAM-1 expression:(More)
Lymphocytes home to various lymphoid organs by adhering to and migrating through specialized high endothelial venules (HEV). The murine cell surface heterodimer LPAM-1 is involved in the homing of lymphocytes to mucosal sites (Peyer's patches). LPAM-1 has an alpha subunit (alpha 4m) analogous to the alpha chain of the human integrin molecule VLA-4. Here we(More)
Lymphocyte recirculation through different organs is thought to be regulated by adhesion molecules ("homing receptors") recognizing tissue-specific vascular addressins on endothelium. Here we show that the alpha 4/beta 7-integrin has a key role in the migration of mouse lymphocytes to mucosal sites. Homing to Peyer's patches but not to peripheral lymph(More)
Dendritic cell activation by Toll-like receptors (TLR) is crucial for the generation of protective immune responses. In addition to the common myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88)-dependent signaling pathway, TLR4 engages the adaptor protein Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR)-domain-containing adaptor inducing IFN-beta (TRIF), leading to interferon regulatory(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to develop gene classifiers to predict colorectal cancer recurrence. We investigated whether gene classifiers derived from two tumor series using different array platforms could be independently validated by application to the alternate series of patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Colorectal tumors from New Zealand (n = 149) and(More)
PURPOSE Maintenance of telomeres through reactivation of telomerase is a prerequisite for tumors to preserve their ability to proliferate. The purpose of this study was to evaluate telomere length and human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) expression as markers for progression and prognosis of colorectal carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Telomere(More)
Progression of human melanoma is associated with changes in antigenic phenotypes of tumor cells. To establish whether inflammatory infiltrates in progressing melanoma also change, we studied 146 cutaneous melanomas at different stages of progression. Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against lymphocyte and macrophage subpopulations, interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with gastritis, ulcerations, and gastric adenocarcinoma. H. pylori secretes the vacuolating cytotoxin (VacA), a major pathogenicity factor. VacA has immunosuppressive effects, inhibiting interleukin-2 (IL-2) secretion by interference with the T cell receptor/IL-2 signaling pathway at the level of calcineurin, the(More)
Early during Gram-negative sepsis, excessive release of pro-inflammatory cytokines can cause septic shock that is often followed by a state of immune paralysis characterized by the failure to mount adaptive immunity towards secondary microbial infections. Especially, the early mechanisms responsible for such immune hypo-responsiveness are unclear. Here, we(More)