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Release of glutamate and aspartate was measured in mouse cerebellar granule cells in primary cultures grown for 4-16 days in serum-containing tissue culture medium with either a partially depolarizing (25 mM) or a physiological concentration of potassium (5.4 mM). The cells migrated to form aggregates connected by a network of processes during the first(More)
There is disagreement in the literature whether or not deoxyglucose accumulation, a measure of glycolytic activity, is increased in astrocytes during exposure to elevated concentrations of the potassium ion (K+). In the present work we have confirmed our previous finding that deoxyglucose accumulation in primary cultures of well-differentiated mouse(More)
Methylglyoxal can yield advanced glycation end products via nonenzymatic glycation of proteins. Whether methylglyoxal contributes to the pathogenesis of hypertension has not been clear. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the levels of methylglyoxal and methylglyoxal-induced advanced glycation end products were enhanced and whether(More)
One-week-old rat pups were subjected to an acute 10 min severe hypoxic-ischemic insult. Over the next 24 h, during the reperfusion period, O4 immunocytochemistry demonstrated that oligodendroblasts underwent degenerative changes that were coincident with induction of heme oxygenase. We suggest that the increased vulnerability of oligodendroblasts to(More)
Oligodendrocyte precursors and astrocytes in 2-week-old rat primary glial cultures survived 24 h of anoxia, suggesting both cell types could survive using glycolysis for ATP synthesis; however, when the hypoxia developed gradually, the majority of oligodendrocyte precursor cells died within 24 h of the beginning of the experiment but astrocytes survived.(More)
Astrocytes in primary cultures constitute an exceedingly useful preparation for studies of astroglial development and function. These cells, however, demonstrate a pronounced plasticity in their reactions to culturing conditions. Thus, species and spatiotemporal region of CNS chosen for source of cells, dissociation procedures used, cell density in culture,(More)
We tested the hypothesis that quercetin, a potent Fe(2+)-chelating flavonoid, would decrease secondary damage following spinal cord trauma. MRI studies using the relaxation of the T1 proton signal caused by Fe(2+) ions and the dose-dependent reversal of this effect by addition of quercetin in aqueous solution were used to guide us to the dosage of quercetin(More)
Previously, we were able to demonstrate the neuroprotective effect of quercetin in an animal model of acute traumatic spinal cord injury. The objective of the present study was to determine whether any neuroprotective effect is seen when quercetin is administered in an animal model of traumatic brain injury. Twenty-six adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were(More)
We have demonstrated that both astrocytes and cerebellar granule cell neurons die during an ischemic insult only when there is complete loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. This was determined by comparing the ability of mitochondria to sequester rhodamine 123 with the ability of cells to exclude propidium iodide. We have also demonstrated that in(More)
We isolated motoneurons from E15 dissociated mouse spinal cord by density centrifugation and planted them onto poly-ornithine-coated coverslips in a growth medium (DMEM/F12) supplemented with progesterone, transferrin, selenium, horse serum and muscle extract. Under these conditions only 28% of the motoneurons survived for 8 days. When living astrocytes on(More)