Bernhard H. J. Juurlink

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Nitric oxide (NO), a diffusible and unstable gas, has been implicated in inter- and intra-cellular communication in the nervous system. NO also plays a role in neural development, plasticity and alterations of synaptic function such as long-term potentiation and long-term depression (Gally et al.: Proc NY Acad Sci, 87: 354-355, 1990; Zhuo et al.: Science(More)
There is disagreement in the literature whether or not deoxyglucose accumulation, a measure of glycolytic activity, is increased in astrocytes during exposure to elevated concentrations of the potassium ion (K+). In the present work we have confirmed our previous finding that deoxyglucose accumulation in primary cultures of well-differentiated mouse(More)
Methylglyoxal can yield advanced glycation end products via nonenzymatic glycation of proteins. Whether methylglyoxal contributes to the pathogenesis of hypertension has not been clear. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the levels of methylglyoxal and methylglyoxal-induced advanced glycation end products were enhanced and whether(More)
We have previously shown, using qualitative approaches, that oligodendroglial precursors are more readily damaged by free radicals than are astrocytes. In the present investigation we quantified the oxidative stress experienced by the cells using oxidation of dichlorofluorescin diacetate to dichlorofluorescein as a measure of oxidative stress; furthermore,(More)
One-week-old rat pups were subjected to an acute 10 min severe hypoxic-ischemic insult. Over the next 24 h, during the reperfusion period, O4 immunocytochemistry demonstrated that oligodendroblasts underwent degenerative changes that were coincident with induction of heme oxygenase. We suggest that the increased vulnerability of oligodendroblasts to(More)
A review of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is followed by a discussion on the differential susceptibility of astrocytes and oligodendroglia to ischemia-related insults. Astrocytes can survive chronic hypoxia as well as long periods of simulated ischemia, i.e. hypoglycemia and anoxia. Oligodendroglia are preferentially injured over astrocytes by chronic(More)
Oligodendrocyte precursors and astrocytes in 2-week-old rat primary glial cultures survived 24 h of anoxia, suggesting both cell types could survive using glycolysis for ATP synthesis; however, when the hypoxia developed gradually, the majority of oligodendrocyte precursor cells died within 24 h of the beginning of the experiment but astrocytes survived.(More)
Release of glutamate and aspartate was measured in mouse cerebellar granule cells in primary cultures grown for 4-16 days in serum-containing tissue culture medium with either a partially depolarizing (25 mM) or a physiological concentration of potassium (5.4 mM). The cells migrated to form aggregates connected by a network of processes during the first(More)
Astrocytes in primary cultures constitute an exceedingly useful preparation for studies of astroglial development and function. These cells, however, demonstrate a pronounced plasticity in their reactions to culturing conditions. Thus, species and spatiotemporal region of CNS chosen for source of cells, dissociation procedures used, cell density in culture,(More)
Previously, we were able to demonstrate the neuroprotective effect of quercetin in an animal model of acute traumatic spinal cord injury. The objective of the present study was to determine whether any neuroprotective effect is seen when quercetin is administered in an animal model of traumatic brain injury. Twenty-six adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were(More)