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Environmental factors and diet are generally believed to be accelerators of obesity and hypertension, but they are not the underlying cause. Our animal model of obesity and hypertension is based on the observation that impaired fetal growth has long-term clinical consequences that are induced by fetal programming. Using fetal undernutrition throughout(More)
Obesity and related metabolic disorders are prevalent health issues in modern society and are commonly attributed to lifestyle and dietary factors. However, the mechanisms by which environmental factors modulate the physiological systems that control weight regulation and the aetiology of metabolic disorders, which manifest in adult life, may have their(More)
Fetal growth is largely determined by the availability of nutrients to the fetus. The fetus is at the end of a supply line that ensures delivery of nutrients from the maternal/uterine circulation to the fetus via the placenta. However, this supply line can not be regarded as a linear relationship. Maternal undernutrition will not only reduce global nutrient(More)
There is growing evidence to suggest that growth hormone plays a role in the growth and development of the CNS. Specifically, growth hormone has been implicated in promoting brain growth, myelination, neuronal arborisation, glial differentiation and cognitive function. Here we investigate if growth hormone has a role in the recovery from an unilateral(More)
Recently, there has been considerable interest in determining the role of the growth hormone receptor (GHR) in the central nervous system (CNS). The aim of this study was to investigate the role of circulating growth hormone (GH) and the neural GHR after hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury in the 21-day old rat. We observed growth hormone receptor/binding(More)
Increasing evidence from human epidemiological studies suggests that poor growth before birth is associated with postnatal growth retardation and the development of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. We have shown previously that nutritional deprivation in the pregnant rat leads to intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), postnatal growth failure, changes(More)
Two groups of 10 male rats were trained to nose poke for food pellets at four alternatives that provided differing rates of pellet delivery on aperiodic schedules. After a fixed number of pellets had been delivered, 5, 10 or 20 in different conditions of the experiment, a 10-s blackout occurred, and the locations of the differing rates of pellet delivery(More)
The discovery of a link between in utero experience and later metabolic and cardiovascular disease is one of the most important advances in epidemiology research of recent years. There is increasing evidence that alterations in the fetal environment may have long-term consequences on cardiovascular, metabolic, and endocrine pathophysiology in adult life.(More)
The rat IGF-I gene consists of six exons, with exons 3 and 4 forming a 'core' mature IGF-I coding region to which alternate 5' and 3' regions are spliced. Transcription occurs from four dispersed start sites (ss) approximately 382 (ss 1), approximately 343 (ss 2), approximately 245 (ss 3) and approximately 30-40 (ss 4) basepairs (bp) from the 3' end of exon(More)
Intrauterine growth restriction can lead to significant long-term health consequences such as metabolic and cardiovascular disorders, but less is known about its effects on choice and behavioral adaptation in later life. Virgin Wistar rats were time mated and randomly assigned to receive either ad-libitum access to chow or 30% of that level of nutrition(More)