Bernhard Grimm

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Chlorophyll (Chl) has unique and essential roles in photosynthetic light-harvesting and energy transduction, but its biosynthesis, accumulation and degradation is also associated with chloroplast development, photomorphogenesis and chloroplast-nuclear signaling. Biochemical analyses of the enzymatic steps paved the way to the identification of their(More)
The chelation of Fe2+ and Mg2+ ions forms protoheme IX and Mg-protoporphyrin IX, respectively, and the latter is an intermediate in chlorophyll synthesis. Active magnesium protoporphyrin IX chelatase (Mg-chelatase) is an enzyme complex consisting of three different subunits. To investigate the function of the CHL I subunit of Mg-chelatase and the effects of(More)
The phototolerance of three chlP transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) lines, affected in geranylgeranyl reductase and, hence, deficient in tocopherols (vitamin E), was estimated by in vivo luminescence and fluorescence measurements and was compared with that of the wild type (WT). Exposure of leaf discs to high light (1 mmol photon m(-2) s(-1)) and low(More)
Within 1-2 h of illumination of etiolated barley plants the mRNAs of seven nuclear-coded proteins are transiently induced. It is proposed that at least some of these proteins are precursors to chloroplast membrane proteins since after posttranslational transport 2-h-specific bands of 18.5 kDa, 18 kDa and 13.5 kDa have been found bound to thylakoid(More)
A full-length cDNA sequence encoding coproporphyrinogen oxidase was inserted in inverse orientation behind a CaMV promoter and transferred to tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) by standard transformation techniques. Transformants showed reduced coproporphyrinogen oxidase activity and accumulation of photosensitive coproporphyrin(ogen), indicating antisense RNA(More)
Sucrose (Suc) transporters belong to a large gene family. The physiological role of SUT1 proteins has been intensively investigated in higher plants, whereas that of SUT4 proteins is so far unknown. All three known Suc transporters from potato (Solanum tuberosum), SUT1, SUT2, and SUT4, are colocalized and their RNA levels not only follow a diurnal rhythm,(More)
Sucrose transporters of higher plants belong to a large gene family. At least four different sucrose transporters are known in Solanaceous plants, although their function remains to be elucidated in detail. The isolation of LeSUT1 and LeSUT2from Lycopersicon esculentum has been described earlier. Whereas SUT1 is supposed to be the main phloem loader of(More)
In aerobic photosynthetic organisms, GUN4 binds the chlorophyll intermediates protoporphyrin and Mg protoporphyrin, stimulates Mg chelatase activity, and is implicated in plastidic retrograde signaling. GUN4 expression is most abundant in young and greening tissues and parallels the activity of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) ALA and Mg porphyrin biosynthesis(More)
The synthesis of tetrapyrroles is regulated in anticipation of rhythmic changes in environmental conditions such as light intensity and temperature. To assess the control of the rate-limiting steps of the metabolic flow as well as the distribution of precursors for chlorophyll and heme synthesis, RNA steady-state levels and activities of enzymes involved in(More)
The use of herbicides to control undesirable vegetation has become a universal practice. For the broad application of herbicides the risk of damage to crop plants has to be limited. We introduced a gene into the genome of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) plants encoding the plastid-located protoporphyrinogen oxidase of Arabidopsis, the last enzyme of the common(More)