Bernhard Friedrich Becker

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Uric acid, or more correctly (at physiological pH values), its monoanion urate, is traditionally considered to be a metabolically inert end-product of purine metabolism in man, without any physiological value. However, this ubiquitous compound has proven to be a selective antioxidant, capable especially of reaction with hydroxyl radicals and hypochlorous(More)
BACKGROUND The astonishing thickness of the endothelial glycocalyx, which rivals that of endothelial cells in the microvasculature, was disclosed in the last 15 years. As already demonstrated, this structure plays a key role in the regulation of inflammation and vascular permeability. METHODS AND RESULTS Two components of the glycocalyx, syndecan-1 and(More)
Healthy vascular endothelium is clothed by the endothelial glycocalyx. This structure plays a key role in the regulation of inflammation and vascular permeability and is known to be degraded by ischemic and inflammatory stress. Our aim was to show whether hydrocortisone and antithrombin stabilize the glycocalyx and, therefore, the vascular barrier, against(More)
Damage of the endothelial glycocalyx, which ranges from 200 to 2000 nm in thickness, decreases vascular barrier function and leads to protein extravasation and tissue oedema, loss of nutritional blood flow, and an increase in platelet and leucocyte adhesion. Thus, its protection or the restoration of an already damaged glycocalyx seems to be a promising(More)
BACKGROUND The impact on the endothelial glycocalyx for the extravasation of colloidal infusion solutions has not been investigated sufficiently. METHODS Isolated guinea pig hearts were perfused with Krebs-Henseleit buffer in a Langendorff mode. Solutions of 0.9% saline, 5% albumin (70 kd), or 6% hydroxyethyl starch (200 kd) were infused into the coronary(More)
BACKGROUND Fluid extravasation may lead to myocardial edema and consequent reduction in ventricular function. Albumin is presumed to interact with the endothelial glycocalyx. The authors' objective was to compare the impact of different resuscitation fluids (human albumin, hydroxyethyl starch, saline) on vascular integrity. METHODS In an isolated perfused(More)
OBJECTIVES The investigation centers on whether there is a reperfusion-induced specific cardiac inflammatory reaction after bypass surgery. BACKGROUND Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) leads to systemic inflammation. Additionally, cardiac inflammation due to reperfusion could occur. Knowledge about nature and time course of this reaction might help to develop(More)
OBJECTIVES Our study sought to elucidate the role of oxidative stress for shedding of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and for activating TNF-alpha-converting enzyme (TACE). BACKGROUND TNF-alpha, a central inflammatory cytokine, is discussed as one of the mediators of reperfusion injury. Shedding of membrane-bound pro-TNF-alpha is thought to be(More)
BACKGROUND Hydrocortisone protects against ischemia-reperfusion injury, reduces paracellular permeability for macromolecules, and is routinely applied in the prevention of interstitial edema. Healthy vascular endothelium is coated by the endothelial glycocalyx, diminution of which increases capillary permeability, suggesting that the glycocalyx is a target(More)
INTRODUCTION Postischemic injury to the coronary vascular endothelium, in particular to the endothelial glycocalyx, may provoke fluid extravasation. Shedding of the glycocalyx is triggered by redox stress encountered during reperfusion and should be alleviated by the radical scavenger nitric oxide (NO). The objective of this study was to investigate the(More)