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A surface-bound aminopeptidase of Lactobacillus lactis cells was solubilized with lysozyme, and the extract was subjected to streptomycin sulfate precipitation, ammonium sulfate fractionation, chromatography on Sephadex G-100 and diethylaminoethyl-Sephadex A-50, and preparative polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The purified enzyme was homogeneous in disc(More)
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), highly sulfated polymers built of hexosamine-uronic acid disaccharide units, are major components of the extracellular matrix, mostly in the form of proteoglycans. They interact with a large array of proteins, in particular of the blood coagulation cascade. Degradation of GAGs in mammalian systems occurs by the action of GAG(More)
The crystal structure of the homodimeric BB isoform of human recombinant platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF-BB) has been determined by X-ray analysis to 3.0 A resolution. The polypeptide chain is folded into two highly twisted antiparallel pairs of beta-strands and contains an unusual knotted arrangement of three intramolecular disulfide bonds.(More)
When serum-reduced or serum-free culture supernatants were incubated for 16 hours at 37 degrees C, more than 70-80% of original proteins were digested as measured by gel electrophoretic analysis. The proteolytic activity, which was only observed at pH values lower than 4.5, was reduced in conditioned medium containing higher concentrations of fetal calf(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) occurs as three dimeric isoforms, AA, BB, and AB, which were previously shown to bind to two receptors with different isoform-specificity, the A/B-type (binds all three isoforms) and the B-type (binds only PDGF-BB). Results from competition binding experiments with Swiss 3T3 cells suggest the existence of a third(More)
A system for high-level expression of heparinase I, heparinase II, heparinase III, chondroitinase AC, and chondroitinase B in Flavobacterium heparinum is described. hepA, along with its regulatory region, as well as hepB, hepC, cslA, and cslB, cloned downstream of the hepA regulatory region, was integrated in the chromosome to yield stable transconjugant(More)
Chondroitinase AC (E.C. 4.2.2.5) overexpressed in its host, Flavobacterium heparinum, was crystallized by vapor diffusion using polyethylene glycol methyl ether as precipitant. It crystallizes in the space group P43212 or its enantiomorph with a = b = 87.1 and c = 193.1 A and one molecule in the asymmetric unit. Crystals diffract to a maximum of 2.5 A(More)
Analogs of dynorphin-(1-13) with modifications in the enkephalin segment were compared with correspondingly modified analogs of [Leu5]enkephalin in the guinea pig ileum (GPI) and mouse vas deferens (MVD) assay as well as in mu- and delta-receptor selective binding assays. The obtained results indicate that a) the enkephalin binding domain of the dynorphin(More)
All patients having undergone a coronarography during 1984 have been surveyed in Switzerland. This retrospective study has used existing data in the 13 centers practicing this diagnostic procedure. 4921 coronarographies were carried out in 1984, amongst 4359 patients. In terms of population-based rates, the national figures are 77 procedures/100,000(More)
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