Bernhard Dorweiler

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The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) unfolded protein response (UPR) restores equilibrium to the ER, but prolonged expression of the UPR effector CHOP (GADD153) is cytotoxic. We found that CHOP expression induced by ER stress was suppressed by prior engagement of toll-like receptor (TLR) 3 or 4 through a TRIF-dependent pathway. TLR engagement did not suppress(More)
Combined treatment with trypsin, cholesterol esterase, and neuraminidase transforms LDL, but not HDL or VLDL, to particles with properties akin to those of lipid extracted from atherosclerotic lesions. Single or double enzyme modifications, or treatment with phospholipase C, or simple vortexing are ineffective. Triple enzyme treatment disrupts the ordered(More)
The mechanisms underlying the selective accumulation of macrophages in early atherosclerotic lesions are poorly understood but are likely to be related to specific properties of altered low density lipoprotein (LDL) deposited in the subendothelium. Enzymatic, nonoxidative degradation of LDL converts the lipoprotein to a potentially atherogenic moiety,(More)
Macrophages play key roles in obesity-associated pathophysiology, including inflammation, atherosclerosis, and cancer, and processes that affect the survival-death balance of macrophages may have an important impact on obesity-related diseases. Adipocytes and other cells secrete a protein called extracellular nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (eNampt;(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of pedal bypass grafts to foot vessels detected by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) that were occult in conventional angiography in patients with diabetes mellitus and severe arterial occlusive disease. METHODS Vascular surgery and radiology registries were reviewed for patients with(More)
BACKGROUND In contrast to arterial occlusive disease, data on long-term outcomes after vein grafts in limb trauma with arterial injury are sparse. PATIENTS From 1991 through 2001, 22 trauma victims received 23 interposition vein grafts performed by an interdisciplinary team of trauma and vascular surgeons. Indications included both blunt and penetrating(More)
The term ischemia-reperfusion injury describes the experimentally and clinically prevalent finding that tissue ischemia with inadequate oxygen supply followed by successful reperfusion initiates a wide and complex array of inflammatory responses that may both aggravate local injury as well as induce impairment of remote organ function. Conditions under(More)
PURPOSE Conventional surgical therapy of aortic arch aneurysms consists of aortic arch replacement requiring cardiopulmonary bypass and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. This method is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, mainly due to neurologic complications and the sequelae of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. Thus, it makes sense(More)
For the study of atherogenesis in vitro, coculture systems have been devised, in which two or more cell types can be cultured in close contact to each other. Herein, we describe a novel in vitro model that aims at the simulation of the morphology of a normal muscular artery allowing for the study of the initial events in atherosclerosis. Using a modified(More)
OBJECTIVE Femorodistal autologous vein bypass proves to be the preferred surgical therapy for long arterial occlusions and provides excellent early and long-term results in critical lower limb ischemia. Whenever vein length was insufficient and two distal outflow arteries were present, a sequential composite bypass configuration was chosen with human(More)